What is web application testing?
It’s a testing methodology focused on web applications i.e. applications hosted on the web.
With web application testing, issues such as website functionality, security, accessibility, usability, compatibility and performance are uncovered before the web application is released in public.
Web application testing tools:
Today, in this tutorial we have tried to list almost all popular web application testing tools which are useful to find issues present in any web application.
Note – The list contains free open source as well as licensed web test tools. Almost all licensed tools mentioned here have free trial versions available, so you can get chance to work on these before deciding which is the best tool for your needs.
Here is the comprehensive list of most widely used web application testing tools grouped by web testing types:
- Load, stress and Performance testing Tools
- Web Functional, GUI or Regression testing Tools
- Link Manager testing tools
- Web Site Security testing Tools
- Cross-browser testing tools
- W3C CSS validator
- W3C Link Checker
Also Reading => If you want to check detailed list of all the tools under these categories please visit these automation testing tools list:
- Top 15 Performance Testing Tools
- 37 Powerful Penetration Testing Tools
- 5 Best Android Application Testing Tools
- 12 Best Cross Browser Testing Tools
Let’s start with the list of web app testing tools:
What You Will Learn:
- Load, Stress and Performance Testing Tools:
- #1. WebLOAD
- #2. Apache JMeter
- #3. NeoLoad
- #4. LoadRunner
- #5. LoadUI
- #6. Loadster
- #7. Load impact
- #8. Wapt
- #9. Qtest
- #10. Telerik Test Studio
- Web Functional/Regression testing Tools:
- #1. Selenium
- #2. Katalon Studio
- #3. TestCafe v14.1.3
- #4. CasperJS v1.1-beta3
- #5. Screenster
- #6. SoapUI
- #7. Sahi
- #8. Watin (Web Application Testing in .Net)
- #9. Watir (Web Application Testing in Ruby)
- #10. QTP (UFT)
- #11. Ranorex
- #12. TimeShiftX
- Link Manager Testing Tools:
- #1. SpringTrax
- #2. LinkTiger
- #3. LinkScan v12.4
- Web Site Security Testing Tools:
- #1. NTOSpider
- #2. Brakeman v2.6.1
- #3. SiteDigger v3.0
- #4. Netsparker
- #5. NMap (Network Mapper)
- #6. OWASP (Open Web Application Security Project)
- Cross Browser Testing Tools:
- #1. Browsera
- #2. IE NetRenderer
- #3. IETester v0.5.2
- W3C CSS validator
- W3C Link Checker
- Over to you:
Load, Stress and Performance Testing Tools:
Here are some important tools used to test the performance, load and stress of the web application. These tools ensure that your web application will run under high performance and less load & stress.
- Apache JMeter
- Load impact
- Telerik test studio
WebLOAD is an enterprise-scale load testing tool which features powerful scripting capabilities, so you can test complex scenarios. WebLOAD supports hundreds of technologies – from Selenium to mobile, web protocols to enterprise applications and much more. WebLOAD allows you to generate load both on-premise and in the cloud. You can start with WebLOAD Free Edition, which features 50 virtual users and is fully functional – perfect for DevOps and testing development servers.
Official website and download link: WebLOAD download
#2. Apache JMeter
It is an Apache Open source load testing tool, written in Java 6+ and supports all platforms. Recently, Apache released the stable version of JMeter “v2.11” that supports all platforms.
Basically, JMeter is used for load testing and to analyzing and measuring the performance of system/application.
Also, this tool is helpful in testing JDBC database connections (FTP, LDAP, Web services, JMS, HTTP, HTTPS, TCP connections) and OS Native processes. It analyses overall performance under different load on a server, group of servers & network place.
Capability to check the performance of the SOAP, LDAP, Message-oriented middleware (MOM) via JMS, Mail (SMTP(S), POP3(S) and IMAP(S)), MongoDB (NoSQL), and Native commands or shell scripts. Its strong GUI design helps in fast building of Test Plan and debugging process.
Official Website: http://jmeter.apache.org/
Download link: JMeter download
It is a Neotys load and stress testing tool for Windows, Linux, and Solaris, available in English and French with the latest version 4.2, designed to measure, analyze and improve the performance of the website. Although, load increases on the website due to simultaneous access of many users, this tool will be helpful in checking the performance of the website under heavy load.
The testing process by using this tool will be very fast, efficient, and frequent. By using this tool we can get very fast result. Give surety that your website will be accurate and reliable to fulfill the business and user expectations
Official Website: http://www.neotys.com/product/overview-neoload.html
Download Link: Neoload download
It is a load testing tool for Windows and Linux, given by HP to test the web and other applications very efficiently before it goes to end user hands. It is available in stable version 12.0 in many languages.
LoadRunner is very much helpful in determining the performance and result of the web application under heavy load (load due to thousands of users accessing the web application at a same time).
It handles various protocols for load testing: .NET Record/Replay, Database, DCOM, GUI Virtual Users, Java Record/Replay, Network, Oracle E-Business, Remote Access, Remote Desktop, Rich Internet Applications, SAP, SOA, Web 2.0, Web and Multimedia and Wireless.
Official Website: http://www8.hp.com/in/en/software-solutions/loadrunner-load-testing/
Download Like: LoadRunner Download
A load testing tool “LoadUI” latest version is 2.7, written in Java, JaveFX, and Groovy language, and supports all platforms. Mostly,support web services and SopaUI 5.0 (functional testing tool).
This latest version corrected some issues that were there in the previous version (v2.6) of LoadUI, issue: “File “.bat, .sh and .command” line ending issue” and the About LoadUI dialog box does not display always.
Now, it is available in Pro version. LoadUI Pro drag-and-drop powerful interface facilitates you to test the overall load efficiently in real-time environment.
Official Website: http://www.loadui.org/
Download Link: LoadUI download
A commercial load testing tool to test websites, web applications/services (HTTP web services) and to simulate and guess how web applications will perform under heavy load, given by Loadster, supports Linux, Mac, and Windows. This full-features tool works on actual web applications/services cookies, sessions, custom header, dynamic form of data, etc…
Loadster is used to test the performance, stability, and scalability of web applications/services and websites. It simulates numbers of users, networking with the site and collects stats for each virtual user distinctly. Load testing assists to determine performance bottlenecks, expect and avoid crashes, and confirm your application can handle high traffic events.
Official Website: http://www.loadsterperformance.com/
Download Link: Loadster download
#7. Load impact
An online load testing tool used to test websites, web applications, mobile applications and APIs under heavy load for all platforms.
Load impact uses to test all applications/services and websites online, instead of setting-up offline to test the application. Testing process is very fast and simple. You can also repeat the test very easily in very less time.
Official Website: http://loadimpact.com/
Download Link: LoadImpact download
A load and stress testing tool works on all Windows, provides an easy and cheapest way to test websites, like; business applications websites, mobile websites, web portals, etc.Testing requires 500MB of free disc space, browsers (Microsoft IE 6 or higher, Firefox 3.0 or higher, and Google Chrome), and OS of 64 bit version. It works on secure HTTPS websites, dynamic content and RIA applications under data-driven mode
Official Website: http://www.loadtestingtool.com/index.shtml
Download Link: Wapt Download
A web load testing tool analyses the application completely and accurately, given by Quotium Technologies SA, supports all Windows platforms. Its original User interface (UI) is easy to use and understand, and used as an OnDemand hosted solution or an OnPremise application.
Official Website: http://www.quotium.com/qtest/qtest_overview/
Download Link: Qtest Download
#10. Telerik Test Studio
A software testing tool is to test web and desktop applications of all Windows OS, developed by Telerik. It tests the functionality, performance, and load of web, desktop, and mobile applications. The tool offers a plugin for Visual Studio and a standalone app that used to test the cross-browsing issue and have the same file-format.
Official Website: http://www.telerik.com/teststudio
Download Link: Telerik Test Studio Download
Web Functional/Regression testing Tools:
Many websites/web applications suffer from bugs due to its improper functionality, behavior, usability, security, etc. For those websites/web applications, web testing tools do magic (these Testing tools take out all bugs from websites/web applications in limited time period and limited cost). Determining and fixing a bug, drafting a bug sheet, and determining priority and severity is hard during development phase of websites. Most of the bugs come due to functional issue of the website/web application. So, to come out of functional issues, we have tried to provide some web functional/regression testing tools.
- Katalon Studio
- QTP (UFT)
Selenium is one of the most popular automated testing suite. Selenium is designed in a way to support and encourage automation testing of functional aspects of web based applications and a wide range of browsers and platforms.
Selenium suite is comprised of 4 basic components; Selenium IDE, Selenium RC, WebDriver, Selenium Grid. Selenium IDE is Firefox add-on for record-and-playback web application tests. WebDriver directly communicates with the web browser and uses its native compatibility to automate.
Official website: http://www.seleniumhq.org/
Download Link: Selenium Download
#2. Katalon Studio
A complete web and mobile automation tool that enhance the capabilities of Selenium and Appium, Katalon Studio is packed with many essential features, including: Object Spy, Record & Playback, Cross browser execution, JIRA integration, Keyword-Driven Testing, Data-Driven Testing, and Web Service Testing while remaining a free solution.
Available for both Windows and Mac users, Katalon Studio requires minimum programming background to help manual testing team transforming into automation effortlessly.
Official website: www.katalon.com
Download Link: Free Katalon Studio
#3. TestCafe v14.1.3
It is aDevExpress web testing framework to test all web applications of Windows, MacOS, and Linux OS.
It is always in top in terms of web application testing, generates very clear and simply tests as possible, uses all browsers that support HTML 5 to record and run functional tests across operating systems (Windows, Mac and Linux, and on remote computers) and mobile devices (iPhone, iPad, Android and Windows Phone). It has capabilities to simultaneously run tests on multiple browsers and multiple machines.
Official Website: http://testcafe.devexpress.com/
Download Link: TestCafe Download
#4. CasperJS v1.1-beta3
It is an easy to use open source navigation tool for Windows, MacOS, and Linux OS, used for scripting & testing the PhantomJS and SlimerJS (Gecko) with the help of its useful and valuable functions, methods and syntactic sugar, written in Java script language. Basically, it works for forms, links, page screenshot, remote DOM, events sign-in process, etc. Also, downloads binary and other resources, writes functional test suites and save it in a JUnit XML format.
Official Website: http://casperjs.org/
Download Link: CasperJS download
It is an UI based functional and regression testing tool for web applications, works on all Windows OS that requires all major browsers and Java6 or high. A very good screen validator uses to give 10x productivity without a single line of code. During operation, it takes screenshot on each and every step and compares them to baseline, permits verification of changes or lack of changes to UI, provides full access to Selenium API when needed.
Official website: http://www.creamtec.com/products/screenster/index.html
Download link: Screenster Download
A cross-platform free open source functional testing tool for service-oriented architectures (SOA) and representational state transfers (REST), written in Java language. Its user-friendly interface acquires various features, mainly used for API testing facilitates to easily and quickly perform functional/regression and load testing, supports all protocols and technologies related to the particular application. Its commercial version (SoapUI Pro) is mainly used to test functionality of the application.
Official Website: http://www.soapui.org/
Download Link: SOAPUI Download
Sahi Pro identifies elements very easily and also works on application includes dynamic ids (_near and _in) and applications develop using ExtJS, ZK, Dojo, YUI, etc.
Official Website: http://sahipro.com/
Download Link: Sahi Download
#8. Watin (Web Application Testing in .Net)
A cross-platform web application testing tool, latest version is 2.1, and developed in C# language. Due to the influence of Watir, Watin tested a web application written in .Net in December 2005.
Now, it has become a user-friendly and stable framework with much functionality, supports all main HTML elements and dialogs (modal and modeless). Also, supports native Page and Control model, testing of AJAX website, screenshots of webpages creation process, and frames (cross domain) and iframes. It take care of popular popup dialog box: alert, confirm, login etc… and works on Internet Explorer 6, 7, 8, 9 and FireFox 2 and 3. You can download it more than 120.000 times
Official Website: http://watin.org/
Download Link: WatiN Download
#9. Watir (Web Application Testing in Ruby)
An open-source (BSD) cross-platform web application testing tool, pronounced as water. It is an easy and flexible automation tool of Ruby libraries for web browsers automation. Although, it is of Ruby libraries, supports applications written in any language and just like other languages, Ruby enables you to link to databases, export XML files, read files and spreadsheets, and organize your code as reusable libraries.
Watir drives Internet Explorer, Firefox, Chrome, Opera and Safari browsers in the same ways how others do.
Official Website: http://watir.com/
Download Link: Watir Download
#10. QTP (UFT)
QTP (Quick Test Professional) a Windows based software testing tool used to test the applications on the web or desktop, best for “Functional” and “Regression” testing, given by Hewlett Packard (HP). Its UI is called as an Integrated Development environment (IDE) comes with various functionalities which motivates tester towards testing. QTP uses VB Script language to run the script and supports Web, Java (Core and Advanced), .Net, Flex, Web Services, WPF, Delphi, Power Builder, Stingray 1, Terminal Emulator, SAP, Oracle, Siebel, PeopleSoft, Windows Mobile, VisualAge Smalltalk, Silverlight and mainframe terminal emulators.
QTP latest version is UFT 12.0. UFT 12.0 provides easier and smaller package to download the product, that’s why; UFT 12.0 installation process has become easier than previous one. QTP was only working on Windows operating system, but UFT 12.0 supports Safari on a remote Mac, all useful browsers(Internet Explorer6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, Firefox 3.0.X, 3.5, 3.6 to v24 and Google Chrome), desktop technologies (Delphi XE2, Stingray 12, Flex, and Web Dynpro ABAP for Netweaver 7.31),and Visual Studio (2010 and 2012).
Official Website: http://www8.hp.com/in/en/software-solutions/unified-functional-testing-automation/
Download Link: QTP/UFT Download
A Windows based GUI testing tool to test the desktop, web and mobile based applications and to handle any kind of modern and dynamic GUI application, given by Ranorex GmbH. Checks the functionality of the application that involves tester and developer both. Involvement of both; tester and developer become reason of reliable testing and finding bugs very quickly. It supports technologies; .NET, Winforms, WPF, Java, SAP, HTML5, Flash, Flex, Silverlight, iOS, Android, Windows Apps (Native/Hybrid), etc. Although Ranorex is user-friendly and affordable, it can be used by any organization and small testing team.
Official Website: http://www.ranorex.com/
Download Link: Ranorex Download
TimeShiftX is a date shifting software that lets you time travel software applications into the future or past for time shift testing of all temporal sensitive functionality such as year-end, daylight savings, leap year, billing, rates, policies, etc. TimeShiftX uses virtual clocks to enable time travel inside of Active Directory & Kerberos without code changes, manual system work, or server isolation.
TimeShiftX is a multi-platform solution (Windows, Linux, AIX, Solaris, Red Hat, SUSE, etc.) and supports time travel for all applications, databases, and web technologies such as SQL, SAP, Oracle, .NET, IIS, WebSphere, Java, DB2, PeopleSoft, JBoss, Apache, PHP, and MySQL.
Official Website: https://www.vornexinc.com/
Download Link: TimeShiftX Download
Link Manager Testing Tools:
All websites are made up of many links or we can say all websites are based on links. Any broken and wrong link can take you to some wrong page and you will get wrong information about the website. So, it is very much important to correct the link using link manager testing tool,
Official Website: https://springtrax.com/home.htm
Download link: SpringTrax Download
It is also a link checker, works on e-mail alerts, dashboard, and rich custom reports, supports Linux, Mac, Windows, and Windows Phone platforms. Its scan features can scan PDF, CSS, Flash and MS Office files, flash-animation.
LinkTiger displays status of all links present on the website with an intuitive dashboard. For each website the dashboard displays three pie-charts with the pages status, the link status and the error types of the dead link.
Official Website: http://www.linktiger.com/
Download link: LinkTiger Download
#3. LinkScan v12.4
It is a strong link checker and website mapping tool for Windows, Unix, Linux and Mac OS X, provides very strong test automation skills for the web based applications, available for Unix and Microsoft Windows operating systems, highly customizable and fast. It is also a good HTML validator.
Official Website: http://www.elsop.com/
Download link: LinkScan Download
Web Site Security Testing Tools:
Most of the virus comes to the system through application which is uploaded on internet that can corrupt the system and the application which is on system. We cannot stop using application which is on internet, so, the best thing is; use those applications securely by using website security testing tool.
It is a Windows based web security tool, provides full security to the web applications/services, mobile, and rich internet applications (RIA’s). The most important thing is, it scans your application fully in less time, provides full security to the system at very less cost.
Official website: http://www.ntobjectives.com/security-software/ntospider-application-security-scanner/
Download link: NTOSpider Download
#2. Brakeman v2.6.1
It is an open source scanner, checks Ruby on Rails apps for security vulnerabilities, available for Jenkins/Hudson and works on Rails 2.x, 3.x, and 4.x. It statically examines Rails application code to discovery security problems at any stage of development.
Official Website: http://brakemanscanner.org/
Installation path: Brakeman Download
#3. SiteDigger v3.0
It is expert in examining Google’s cache, errors, configuration problems, proprietary information, and remarkable security nuggets on websites.
Having very good user interface and provides real time result in result page with ability to save signature selection and result set, Google API License Key is not required to access this tool. It runs on All Windows OS required Microsoft .NET Framework v3.5.
Official Website: http://www.mcafee.com/us/downloads/free-tools/sitedigger.aspx
Download link: SiteDigger Download
A cross-platform web application security scanner is helpful in detecting and reporting website/web application vulnerabilities (SQL Injection and Cross-site Scripting (XSS)) and security issues, no matter on which platform and technology the website/web application has built-in.
Official Website: https://www.netsparker.com/
Download Link: Netsparker Download
#5. NMap (Network Mapper)
A cross-platform web security scanner, written by Gordon Lyon (Fyodor) founder of hosts and services on a computer network.
This scanner delivers correct packets to the target machine and examines the response comes from there. Earlier, Nmap was only for Linux, but it is for Microsoft Windows, BSD variants – Mac OS X, AmigaOS, Solaris, HP-UX, , andSGI IRIX.
Official Website: http://nmap.org/
Download Link: NMap Download
#6. OWASP (Open Web Application Security Project)
A cross-platform online security project/community, involves worldwide organizations, educational organizations and individuals to focus on security on web applications by creating free articles, documentations, techniques, and tools.
Official Website: https://www.owasp.org/index.php/Main_Page
Cross Browser Testing Tools:
Cross-browsing issue comes due to comparison of two or more browsers output values. So, to come out of that issue, use cross-browser testing tool,
- IE NetRenderer
An online cross-browser testing tool works on Windows and Mac OS X platform, given by Browsera, finds cross-browser layout issues automatically by comparing each browser’s output. After completion of test, each and every Java Script errors are reported and collected. The site crawling feature of the tool is very much helpful in testing all the pages of the site.
Official Website: http://www.browsera.com/
Download link: Browsera Download
#2. IE NetRenderer
A free HTML tool for Apple iMac and Linux, given by GEOTEK Netzwerkservice Berlin, facilitates users to see how their website displays in IE browsers 5.5 to 11. Additionally, it also displays a large number of capturing jobs in parallel and in real-time. These all services are very fast.
Official Website: http://netrenderer.com/
#3. IETester v0.5.2
A Windows web browser developed by Core Services, provides a user-friendly interface facilitates users to avail all functionality easily and quickly. A very easy configuration without customization,mainly focus on speed and efficiency. It’s Microsoft ”ribbon” toolbar facilitates users to switch between Internet Explorer versions (5.5 to 9) from the same interface with a single click. Its in-built feature “Favorites” list includes many websites that you can use for compatibility tests.
Official Website: http://www.my-debugbar.com/wiki/IETester/HomePage
Download Link: IETester Download
W3C CSS validator
The W3C CSS Validator is free software given by the W3C, provides services to designers and developers of a web application to check Cascading Style Sheets (CSS).
At present, most of the websites are developed using HTML language, this language is basically used to display text on the page, giving links, and placing multiple objects. To give style (color and layout) to the text of the page, HTML uses CSS (Cascading Style Sheets). The W3C CSS validator used to check CSS and X(HTML) documents with the style sheets.
Official website: http://jigsaw.w3.org/css-validator/
W3C Link Checker
A link checking service provided by W3C, used to check links and anchors presents on a page of website or whole website using languages; HTML, XHTML or CSS.
Official website: http://validator.w3.org/checklink
This is it!
Recommended reading => Web testing complete guide.
Over to you:
This is by far the most comprehensive list of web application testing tools. But please let us know if you are using any other tool that is not listed here.