11 Best Automation Tools for Testing Android Applications (Android App Testing Tools)

List of the Best Android Application Testing Tools for your reference:

Nowadays automated tests are used during almost every testing process. This is not surprising, as properly organized automated testing greatly reduces the time needed for a testing process, excludes errors and omissions in tests execution caused by a human factor.

There is a wide choice of tools for automation. Some of them are free, some are rather expensive. Some automation tools were created years ago; some have just appeared on the market. Each tool is unique and possesses certain characteristics.

Best Automation Tools

A wide choice of available automation tools makes it difficult to select the most suitable ones for a project. The problem is that hardly any of the existing tools fully corresponds to project requirements.

In Order to Make Automated Tests Effective and Profitable One Should:

  • Research the software product under test and the project;
  • Clearly, determine what tests are to be automated;
  • Formulate requirements to the automated tests and the tools for automation;
  • Study at least several available and more or less suitable tools for automation;
  • Select the most suitable one or more tools basing on the researches;
  • Discuss the chosen automation tools with other project parties, explain the choice, and get their approval;
  • Proceed to tests automation.

Such an approach and sequence of steps would be approved by most of the quality assurance experts.

Many different kinds of computers have appeared recently, their appearance started the rapid development of software products. The most amazing is the evolution of mobile devices; they significantly differ from common personal computers by characteristics, ways, and conditions of interaction with them.

Consequently, smartphones and tablets require special mobile applications that differ from desktop ones.

The operating system of most of the personal computers is Windows. Among popular mobile operating systems are Android, Apple iOS, Blackberry OS, Windows Phone, Symbian and others.

Also, read => Beginner’s Guide to Mobile Application Testing

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Top 11 Android Testing Tools

Let’s explore modern tools for automated testing of applications supported on one of the most widespread mobile operating system – Android.

Here is the list of the best Android Application Testing tools:

  1. 21labs
  2. Appium
  3. Selendroid
  4. Calabash
  5. Robotium
  6. MonkeyRunner
  7. Ranorex
  8. UI Automator
  9. Kobiton
  10. Testdroid
  11. TestComplete
  12. Experitest

Let’s see more details about these tools.

#1) 21 – AI Test Creation And Analytics For Android

21labs Logo

21 is a sophisticated, self-learning test automation and analytics platform for Android applications.

21 Offers:

  • Fast and intelligent authoring – AI that pre-builds tests with a full-featured editor for customizing your tests
  • Results you trust – Seamless algorithmic locators system to support automated tests across native, React, Cordova, Flutter, Ionic, and other frameworks. No locators needed.
  • Eliminate maintenance and flaky results – Self-learning maintenance autonomously updates tests and assures your team can focus on developing new features while relying on test results.
  • Release with confidence – Production integration uncovers the data needed to close the feedback loop, analyze actual coverage. Own your quality gate and release it with data.

21 is fully SaaS, requires no installation or devices to create or execute tests. We offer access to dozens of devices seamlessly.


#2) Appium Android Automation Framework

Appium Android Automation Framework

It’s a framework for creating automated tests for iOS and Android. It is a free tool. It supports Android versions from 2.3 and later. Appium utilizes the WebDriver interface for tests running. It supports many programming languages, such as Java, C#, Ruby, and others which are in the WebDriver library.

It can control Safari and Chrome on mobile devices. This allows testing mobile websites using Appium and these browsers.

But some automated test engineers complain that it provides poor, insufficient reports. Also, its weakness is reduced XPath support on mobile devices.

Website: Appium


#3) Selendroid

Selendroid

This test automation framework is for hybrid Android apps and mobile web. It supports Windows, Mac, and Linux OS. It supports test writing with Selenium 2 client API. For emulators and real devices, Selendroid is useful. To make it scalable and a platform for parallel testing, integration with Selenium Grid is allowed. It has an extension to help you.

Features:

  • Selendroid is compatible with JSON Wire Protocol.
  • It has a built-in Android driver web view app to test the mobile web.
  • It will allow you to find UI elements through different locator types.
  • Hot plugging of hardware devices is supported by Selendroid. Many more such features are included in Selendroid.

Website: Selendroid


#4) Calabash

calabash image

This automation testing framework is to perform acceptance tests for Android and iOS apps. It can be used by everyone i.e. mobile developers as well as the ones who don’t know coding skills. The tool enables the automatic UI interactions within an application like inputting text and validating responses.

Calabash contains libraries. With the help of that, test-code will be able to programmatically interact with native and hybrid apps.

Features:

  • Calabash provides a facility to allow you to configure tests to run on hundreds of Android and iOS devices.
  • It provides APIs that have functionalities to run native apps on touch screen devices.
  • It provides access to the Xamarin test cloud.
  • It supports cucumber.
  • Support for cucumber automation will let you write the tests in plain English.

Website: Calabash


#5) Robotium Android Testing Tool

Robotium Android Testing Tool

Robotium is one the first and frequently utilized automated testing tools for software supported on Android.

Robotium is a free Android UI testing tool. It is suitable for test automation for different Android versions and sub-versions. Software developers often describe it as Selenium for Android. Tests created by Robotium are written in Java. In fact, Robotium is a library for unit tests.

But it takes much time and effort to create tests by means of Robotium, as one must work with the program source code in order to automate tests. The tool is also unsuitable for interaction with system software; it cannot lock and unlock a smartphone or a tablet.

There is no Record and Play function in Robotium, and it does not provide screenshots.


#6) MonkeyRunner Android App Testing

MonkeyRunner Android App Testing

MonkeyRunner is one of the popular Android Testing tools used for automating functional tests for Android software.

This tool is more low-level than Robotium is. One does not have to deal with the source code in order to automate tests. The tests are written in Python, one may use a recording tool for creating tests.

MonkeyRunner can run tests on real devices connected to a PC or emulators. The tool has an API that allows it to control a smartphone, a tablet or an emulator from outside of Android code.

A significant disadvantage of the mobile app testing tool is that it is necessary to write scripts for each device. Another problem of MonkeyRunner is that the tests require adjustments each time when the user interface of the tested program is changed.

Website: MonkeyRunner


#7) Ranorex Android Application Testing Tool

Ranorex Android Testing Tool

Ranorex is a good tool for test automation not only for the latest but also for early versions and sub-versions of Android, beginning from Android 2.2.

One of the Ranorex advantages is its detailed reports with screenshots. It can connect a smartphone or a tablet to the Internet via WiFi.

An automated test engineer can elaborate data-driven tests, excluding XML data format, by means of this Android tool. Ranorex Studio enables an automated test engineer to create tests easily, just clicking the mouse. It allows for elaborating additional program modules. The modules may be utilized during late development cycles for more complex test scenarios.

It is a commercial mobile application tool; its license price is 1990 EUR. Ranorex searches elements rather slowly; it takes up to 30 seconds to perform such an operation. One must instrument APK files for Ranorex. Otherwise, it is impossible to automate tests by means of this tool, as it works only with instrumented APK files.

Ranorex is frequently utilized for creation tests for early Android versions.

Website: Ranorex


#8) UI Automator For Android Test Automation

UI Automator for Android Test Automation

This tool has been recently elaborated by Google. It supports Android versions beginning from 4.1. One should select another Android app testing tool in order to automate tests for earlier versions. UI Automator is able to interact with all kinds of software products for Android, including system applications. This enables UI Automator to lock and unlock a smartphone or a tablet.

Scripts created by means of this tool can be executed on many different Android platforms. It allows reproducing complex sequences of user actions.

UI Automator also can utilize external buttons of a device, such as buttons for going back, volume regulation, turning on and off the device.

It can be integrated with a testing framework TestNG. In this case, UI Automator can generate informative and detailed reports, similar to reports generated by Ranorex. This tool also searches elements very fast.

Software testing experts find UI Automator good for quality mobile application testing on many Android platforms. It is one of the best tools for Android applications, as it is elaborated by Google especially for this operating system.

Usually, about 80% of new software bugs reproduce on all the supported platforms. So, one may perform mobile testing on one of the widely used platforms and discover up to 80% of defects. The rest 20% will be found on all the other platforms. That means that in most cases it is better to test software products thoroughly on fewer platforms than hastily on numerous.

At present Android 4.1 is installed on about 66% of all devices using the Android operating system. That is why many automated test engineers often decide that UI Automator is the most suitable solution.

Website: UI Automator


#9) Kobiton

Kobiton

Kobiton is a mobile testing platform that provides the functionalities to perform manual as well as automated testing on real devices. It provides full support for gestures, orientation, etc. to perform testing on real physical devices in the cloud. You will be able to test iOS and Android devices in a highly responsive environment.

Features:

  • Kobiton provides a centralized management interface that will let you combine your local on-premises devices and cloud devices.
  • With Kobiton you will get scriptless automation on any device.
  • This intelligent test automation will allow you to perform manual testing on one device and replicate the same test on hundreds of devices.

Website: Kobiton


#10) Testdroid

Testdroid

SmartBear BitBar is the mobile and web app testing platform to perform manual or automated testing on real devices. You will be able to access the real device cloud that will have the same HW and OS versions that your customers use.

It is an all-in-one real device testing cloud that has functionalities for automated testing in any framework, manual app testing, and AI-driven codeless testing for real devices at scale.

Features:

  • SmartBear BitBar provides unlimited device concurrency that will let you run any number of automated mobile tests on Android and iOS devices at the same time.
  • For manual app testing, the platform will let you remotely control devices. This will help with troubleshooting the issues reported by customers.
  • It supports all the languages and any native mobile test automation framework.

Website: Testdroid


#11) TestComplete

TestComplete

SmartbBear’s TestComplete is the Automated UI Testing Tool with AI. It provides the platform to test desktop, web and mobile applications with a hybrid object and visual recognition engine. It is a flexible automation tool and for creating functional GUI tests, there is no need to choose between scripting and scriptless testing.

Features:

  • TestComplete has a hybrid object and visual recognition engine
  • It provides the features of data-driven testing, automated test reporting and analysis, object recognition with AI, and HTML5 test automation.
  • To help you find the dynamic UI elements quickly, easily, and accurately its object recognition is a combination of property-based and AI-powered visual recognition.
  • For scripting, it supports seven languages like VBScript, JavaScript, Python, etc.

Website: TestComplete


#12) Experitest

Experitest latest-devices

Accelerate Mobile testing cycles and increase the quality of your releases with high-volume automated android testing

  • Create & execute hundreds of automated tests in parallel on real Android devices in the cloud
  • Easily create your first Appium test
  • Run advanced mobile test automation directly from your IDE
  • Automate any type of application, gesture, and scenario
  • Integrate with your CI/CD tools and workflow
  • Automated mobile testing under real-life conditions
  • Integrate into any IDE, testing framework & CI for rapid application delivery
  • Access visual test reports and advanced analytics

Conclusion

Test automation is a complex task. It requires thorough preparation and researchers. One should also keep up with all the novelties in information technology, applications, and test automation tools. All this knowledge is necessary for creating the most effective tests.

About the Author: This is a guest post by Oleg Prosyanik, a Senior Automated Test Engineer of QATestLab, a leading Ukrainian company offering the full range of software testing services. 

In our next article in the series, we will discuss Mobile APP Security Testing Tools.

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73 thoughts on “11 Best Automation Tools for Testing Android Applications (Android App Testing Tools)”

  1. Hi:
    Can you please recommend one utility for Android Pad Testing? Above 5 tools are not fit for my current work content.
    Thanks for your sharing.

    Reply
  2. Hi Karthik,

    Try using seetest automation tool. Its a good one it have both manual and automation with real time device as well as with cloud device.

    Reply
  3. I Sir/Mam,
    I am Shashidhara I doing Manual testing In Dumadu Games pvt ltd, and i want move with extra quality in that based, so kindly help us ,what kind of extra thing can i learn……

    Reply
  4. Appium is becoming even more popular nowadays. And when you learn QA automation then you can’t see how people doing same things manual.

    Reply
  5. You should checkout AppAchhi

    AppAchhi is a platform which uses AI bots to test your mobile app for functional and performance issues on multiple phones. Our AI bots walks through your app and tests it like a real user, providing you with a full fledged test report with list of things you can do to improve your app. All in 14 mins!

    Reply
  6. Hi, I am looking for mobile automation open source tool which captures and verify network calls from mobile devices. Please suggest if we have any.

    Reply
  7. It was a very helpful article so I like It requires thorough preparation and researches. One should also keep up with all the novelties in information technology, applications and test automation tools. All this knowledge is necessary for creating the most effective tests.

    Reply
  8. I am a new automation tester I have recently test using the Selenium web driver on that it’s required to add additional jar files to add to support to my test. Is it like any external files are needed to add to the library to test the mobile app on using Appium Studio/ Appium Android Automation Framework ????

    Reply
  9. I like this article so I choose the some of words for testing if it was points are One should also keep up with all the novelties in information technology, applications and test automation tools. All this knowledge is necessary for creating the most effective tests.

    Reply
  10. 7. Great set of instructions to implement automated testing system using Android Devices. It’s well-known that you should choose the right tool for the testing process that will suit the testing object. But what if isn’t the best choice to write automated tests and there are risks that you will not check your app properly. I’ve read Yan Gabis’ thoughts about the necessity of writing automated testing and why it’s not a good idea to use it. It’s an interesting read and I’d recommend it to anyone interested in this subject: http://www.a1qa.com/blog/to-automate-or-not-to-automate-that-is-the-question. But in any case, your guideline can be really helpful and can be used for most teams which decide to write regression automated tests to check their apps using Android devices.

    Reply
  11. Hi) Perhaps each of these tools is good, but given the competitiveness of apps, today
    I have to look for the most experienced and advanced android mobile app development. Only with a careful approach to the project, proper testing, and further maintenance
    I can hope that the application level quality will be quite high compared to the rest of such segment.

    Reply
  12. Try also Lordui.com – lot’s of options to control applications (even if you have no access to source code). Multiple ways to integrate – via win api, clipboard. Support of video, documentation and really easy in use. Try it!

    Reply
  13. ExperiTest delivered tool “SeeTest” a strong mobile test automation framework, comes in use to test mobile apps/websites. It works on almost all major platforms, i.e. Android, iOS, Blackberry, Windows Phone, and Symbian.

    Reply
  14. The most popular mobile automated testing tools these days in 2020 are automation Appium, Selendroid and Calabash.
    It’s also useful to set up automated testing goals before you start to implement automated testing!!!

    Reply

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