Use of Maven Build Automation Tool and Maven Project Setup for Selenium – Selenium Tutorial #24

In our last Selenium tutorial, we learned a build tool named as “Apache Ant”. We also broadly discussed its applicability and importance besides the practical approach.

In this Selenium Testing tutorial, we will learn Maven – a build automation tool which is distributed under Apache Software Foundation. It is mainly used for Java projects. It makes build consistent with another project.

Maven is also used to manage the dependencies. For example, if you are using selenium version 2.35 and any later point of time you have to use some other version, the same can be managed easily by Maven. You will find more examples of this later in this chapter. It works very effectively when there is a huge number of Jar files with different versions.

Use of Maven Build Automation Tool and Maven Project Setup for Selenium

What is a build tool?

The build tool is used to set up everything which is required to run your java code independently. This can be applied to your entire java project. It generates source code, compiling code, packaging code to a jar etc. Maven provides a common platform to perform these activities which makes programmer’s life easier while handling the huge project.

Maven provides pom.xml which is the core of any project. This is the configuration file where all required information’s are kept. Many of the IDEs (Integrated Development Environments) are available which makes it easy to use. IDEs are available for tools like Eclipse, NetBeans, IntelliJ etc.

Maven stores all project jars. Library jar is in a place called repository which could be a central, local or remote repository. Maven downloads the dependency jar from a central repository. Most of the commonly used libraries are available in

Downloaded libraries are stored in the local repository called m2. Maven uses the libraries available in an m2 folder and if any new dependency added then maven downloads from the central repository to local repository. If libraries are not available in the central repository then maven looks for the remote repository. The user has to configure the remote repository in pom.xml to download from the remote repository.

Below is the example of configuring a remote repository to pom.xml file. Provide id and URL of the repository where libraries are stored.


General Phrases used in Maven:

  • groupId: Generally groupId refers to domain id. For best practices company name is used as groupId. It identifies the project uniquely.
  • artifactId: It is basically the name of the Jar without version.
  • version: This tag is used to create a version of the project.
  • Local repository: Maven downloads all the required dependencies and stores in the local repository called m2. More details regarding the same would be shared in the next topic.

Build Life Cycle:

Basic maven phases are used as below.

  • clean: deletes all artifacts and targets which are created already.
  • compile: used to compile the source code of the project.
  • test: test the compiled code and these tests do not require to be packaged or deployed.
  • package: package is used to convert your project into a jar or war etc.
  • install: install the package into the local repository for use of another project.

Maven Setup:

Step 1: To setup Maven, download the maven’s latest version form Apache depending upon different OS.

Step 2: Unzip the folder and save it on the local disk.

Step 3: Create environment variable for MAVEN_HOME. Follow the below step:

Navigate to System Properties ->Advanced System Settings>Environment Variable ->System Variable ->New ->Add path of Maven folder

Maven Tutorial 1

Maven Tutorial 2

Step 4: Edit path variable and provide the bin folder path.

Maven Tutorial 3

Step 5: Now verify the maven installation using command prompt and don’t forget to setup JAVA_HOME

Use mvn –version to verify maven version and output comes like below.

Maven Tutorial 4

Install maven IDE in Eclipse:

Maven provides IDE to integrate with eclipse. I am using eclipse Juno here.

Navigate to Help->Eclipse Marketplace-> Search maven ->Maven Integration for Eclipse ->INSTALL

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After installation, you have to restart eclipse.

Then right-click on pom.xml and verify all the options are available like below. 

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Create Maven project:

Step 1: Navigate to File- new-others-Maven-Maven Project-Click Next

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Step 2: Check the Create a simple project and click Next

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Step 3: Provide Group Id and Artifact Id.You can change the version of Jar as per your wish. Here I am using the default name. Click Finish.

Maven Tutorial 9

Step 4: After finish, you will find the project structure is created like below. pom.xml is created which is used to download all dependencies.

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pom.xml file looks like below:

<project xmlns="" xmlns:xsi="" xsi:schemaLocation="">

Step 5: Add dependencies for Selenium.

All selenium Maven artifacts are available in below central repository

Add following dependencies in pom.xml for selenium


Similarly, following is the dependency for Junit :


If you want to add other third-party jars then add those dependencies in pom.xml

Step 6: Final pom.xml will be like below:

<project xmlns="" xmlns:xsi="" xsi:schemaLocation="">
<groupId>com.softwaretestinghelp.test</groupId> <artifactId>com.softwaretestinghelp.selenium</artifactId>

Step 7: Maven will download all the dependency jars into the local repository called .m2.

M2 folder is basically inside Users->username->m2

All the jars will be placed in a folder called repository which is inside .m2 folder. Maven will create separate folders for the different version and different group id.

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Step 8: If an m2 folder does not populate in Maven dependencies, then you can populate those jars manually.

– Eclipse Windows ->Preference
– Navigate Java->Build Path->Classpath Variables

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– Click New Button ->Define M2_REPO and provide the path of the m2 folder.

Step 9: Upon successful setup, you will find Maven Dependencies folder like below which will have the required dependency jar for the project

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Build the Project:

The project can be built by both using IDE and command prompt.

Using IDE you have to right click on POM-Run As-Maven Build

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Enter goals like clean install etc. and click Run.
Same can be done using a command prompt. Navigate to project folder where pom.xml lies.
And use below commands to clean, compile and install

For clean: mvn clean
For compile: mvn compile
For Install: mvn install

Below is the info which is displayed when you clean any project and shows “BUILD SUCCESS”.

[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building com.softwaretestinghelp.0.0.1-SNAPSHOT
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 [INFO] --- maven-clean-plugin:2.4.1:clean (default-clean) @ com.softwaretestinghelp ---[INFO] Deleting C:\Users\rshwus\WORKSPACE\com.softwaretestinghelp\target
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 0.702s
[INFO] Finished at: Sat May 24 18:58:22 IST 2014
[INFO] Final Memory: 2M/15M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------


Maven simplifies the code handling and process of building the project. Most of the projects follow maven structure.

Download all dependencies provided the dependencies are available in maven central repository. If any of the dependency is not available in maven central repository then you have to add repository path in pom.xml explicitly.

There are many other build tools available in like ant. But it is better to use maven while dealing with different versions and different dependencies. Maven even can manage the dependencies of dependencies. Other tools may not provide such flexibility like maven. Please post your queries anything related to maven here.

Next Tutorial #25: In the upcoming tutorial, we would discuss continuous integration tool known as Hudson. We would study about its importance, role and benefits into Test Automation Framework. We would look at the Hudson straight from the beginning, from its installation to its working.

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34 thoughts on “Use of Maven Build Automation Tool and Maven Project Setup for Selenium – Selenium Tutorial #24”

  1. It is a wonderful information about Maven. Really it will help to lot of beginners. Thank you very much for your continuous efforts. Now a days lot of people are gaining by your post. Keep it up.

  2. Vijay thanks for the wonderful post, This clearly explains.
    you have explained about both build tools – ANT – Maven. I am a fresher learning selenium.
    Which is best of these two , which one suits better for Testing frameworks. Please clarify.

  3. Great.. well articulated about the most common build tools. Definitely it helps a lot for the beginners a lot.
    Thanks guys, keep the work flowing…..

  4. i want to thank software testinghelp for:
    1.Clearing my basic concepts of selenium, before reading your tutorials i almost was about to quit on my coaching as i was not able to understand a single word in the program.
    2.Actually it started with single word only — Webelements– now i am like writing my own programs since then.
    3.For this Maven thing also, i am really grateful, because one thing i am confident about, if i am notable to understand anything in my class at least i have an outside help.
    Frankly speaking previously after coming from classes i hardly studied because i was too terrified with what was taught, my trainer is really nice, but still for basic things and LINE TO LINE meaning i approach your site only for understanding.

    Thanks for taking me this far with my selenium training. and making my dream come true as a selenium automation tester.

  5. Though you have given beautiful explanation. But still a question confuses me. Why we need a Build tool with selenium when we already are using Eclipse.
    Perhaps only for :
    1. Test Scheduling
    2. Creating Batch file that gives single point for execution )in ANT)

    Is there anything else that I am missing

  6. It gives very clear explanation for each and every point in selenium

    Can u update db readre in webdriver instead of xls reader

  7. This tutorial is really very nice. Its good to know some jargons which we keep on reading on various forums but never used. STH you did a great job with these selenium series.

    Please start advance level also for this

  8. Hi um using eclipse helios … whenever i tried to install maven from marketplace, it shows an error “Cannot complete the install because one or more required items could not be found.” I also tried lower version (1.5 , 1.4, 1.3) not working. Kindly help. Thanks in advance

  9. Hi, It was nice explanation indeed.
    Could you please help me in below problem ? Thanks in advance.

    I’m using maven 3.5 version. I have kept paths correctly, but after creating simple Maven project, it is showing error in “pom.xml” file.
    I have added dependency as well.

    Below is my pom.xml code.



  10. Test Auto Framework is maven based. We are a central team supporting multiple teams who want to use our framework. However each team creates there own project for their purposes, so each has a POM of their own . The pom’s would increase as customer solutions increase. Is there a way you can manage the number of poms created?

  11. Sir/Mam,
    When i run maven test
    Pom.xml–When i right click on this and choose run as–>Maven test

    I got the successful build and my testcase(using TestNG) is not run in the browser. No browser is opened when i am using maven

  12. Hi after running maven i get build successful but not getting the results of the test case executed why?
    And how i will get the results?

  13. Superb post and really very useful information with step by step guide. This information build confidence in other who generally afraid of setting up automation project.
    Thanks again!

  14. If I want to download jar/dependency from remote custom repository which is hosted,Is there any need to create folder structure for groupId and artifactId and version? what should be groupId for adding the dependency from remote repository?


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