Top 20 Practical Software Testing Tips You Should Read Before Testing Any Application

I wish all the testers to read the software testing practices updated in this article. Read each point carefully and try to implement them in your day-to-day testing activities. This is what I expect from the readers through this article. If you don’t understand any testing practice, ask for more clarification in the comments section below.

However, you will learn all these testing practices by experience. But why don’t you learn all these things before making any mistake?

Come let’s take a look at them!

Software Testing Tips

Here are some of the Best Testing Practices which I learned by Experience:

1) Learn to analyze your test results thoroughly. Do not ignore any test result. The final test result may be ‘pass’ or ‘fail’, but troubleshooting the root cause of ‘fail’ will give you the solution of the problem. Testers will be respected if they not only log the bugs but also provide solutions.

2) Learn to maximize the test coverage each time you test any application. 100% test coverage might not be possible but still, you can always try to reach near it.

3) In order to ensure maximum test coverage, break your application under test (AUT), into smaller functional modules. Write test cases on such individual unit modules. Also if possible break these modules into smaller parts.
E.g: Lets assume that you have divided your website application in modules and ‘accepting user information’ is one of the modules. You can break this ‘User information’ screen into smaller parts for writing test cases: Parts like UI testing, security testing, functional testing of the ‘User information’ form etc.

Apply all form field type and size tests, negative and validation tests on the input fields and write all such test cases for maximum coverage.

4) While writing test cases, write test cases for intended functionality first i.e. for valid conditions according to requirements. Then write test cases for invalid conditions. This will cover expected as well unexpected behavior of the application under test.

5) Think positive. Start testing the application with the intend of finding bugs/errors. Don’t think beforehand that there will not be any bugs in the application. If you test the application with an intention of finding bugs you will definitely succeed to find those subtle bugs also.

6) Write your test cases in the requirement analysis and design phase itself. This way you can ensure that all the requirements are testable.

7) Make your test cases available to the developers prior to coding. Don’t keep your test cases with you waiting to get final application release for testing, thinking that you can log more bugs. Let the developers analyze your test cases thoroughly to develop a quality application. This will also save the re-work time.

8 ) If possible identify and group your test cases for regression testing. This will ensure quick and effective manual regression testing.

9) Applications requiring critical response time should be thoroughly tested for performance. Performance testing is the critical part of many applications. In manual testing this is the mostly ignored part by testers due to lack of required large data volume in performance testing. Find out the ways to test your application for performance. If not possible to create test data manually, then write some basic scripts to create test data for performance test or ask the developers to write one for you.

10) Programmers should not test their own code. As discussed in our previous post, basic unit testing of developed application should be enough for developers to release the application for testers. But you (tester) should not force the developers to release the product for testing. Let them take their own time. Everyone from lead to manager know when the module/update is released for testing and they can estimate the testing time accordingly. This is a typical situation in an agile project environment.

11) Go beyond requirement testing. Test the application for what it is not supposed to do.

12) While doing regression testing use the previous bug graph (Bug graph – number of bugs found against time for different modules). This module-wise bug graph can be useful to predict the most probable bug part of the application.

13) Note down the new terms, concepts you learn while testing. Keep a text file open while testing any application. Note down the testing progress and observations in it. Use these notepad observations while preparing final test release report. This good habit will help you to provide the complete unambiguous test report and release details.

14) Many times testers or developers make changes in the code base for application under test. This is a required step in development or testing environment to avoid execution of the live transaction processing like in banking projects. Note down all such code changes done for testing purpose and at the time of final release make sure you have removed all these changes from the final client-side deployment file resources.

15) Keep developers away from the test environment. This is required a step to detect any configuration changes missing in the release or deployment document. Sometimes developers do some system or application configuration changes but forget to mention those in the deployment steps. If the developers don’t have access to the testing environment they will not do any such changes accidentally on the test environment and these missing things can be captured at the right place.

16) It’s a good practice to involve testers right from the software requirement and design phase itself. These way testers can get knowledge of application dependability resulting in detailed test coverage. If you are not being asked to be a part of this development cycle then you can make a request to your lead or manager to involve your testing team in all the decision making processes or meetings.

17) Testing teams should share best testing practices, experience with the other teams in their organization.

18) Increase your conversation with the developers to know more about the product. Whenever possible make face-to-face communication for resolving disputes quickly and to avoid any misunderstandings. But also when you understand the requirement or resolve any dispute – make sure to communicate the same over written communication ways like emails. Do not keep anything verbal.

19) Don’t run out of time to do high priority testing tasks. Prioritize your testing work from high to low priority and plan your work accordingly. Analyze all associated risks to prioritize your work.

20) Write clear, descriptive, unambiguous bug report. Do not only provide the bug symptoms but also provide the effect of the bug and all the possible solutions.

Don’t forget that testing is a creative and challenging task. Finally, it all depends on your skill and experience as how you handle this challenge.

Over to you:

Sharing your own testing experience, tips or testing secrets in the comments below will definitely make this article more interesting and helpful!!

Let us know your thoughts/suggestions about this article.

247 Comments on “Top 20 Practical Software Testing Tips You Should Read Before Testing Any Application

  1. Excellent..
    learnt one very important thing that can be followed everyday
    i.e.
    “Testers will be respected if they not only log the bugs but also provide solutions.”
    ;) smart way to gain respect!!

    thanks…

  2. Nice Tips. Thanks for sharing to every one. I honestly agree to point 16 which every company should follow. Can you pls share the tips for manual testing along with format of writing test cases..??

  3. “Command the Developers with care”.. They will do things

  4. hi ,
    i have same question as sunny pls help

    thanks ……

  5. its great,but expecting more

  6. Thankyou for this article !
    This is really fantastic and good read for us to learn about it

  7. All point are very usefull…thanks alot

  8. Thank You for giving such a useful informations.As a fresher i have been given a lot of confidence for working as a tester.Once again thank you.And also requesting to upload more and more valuable informations.

    Thank You
    Honey

  9. Can you pls share the tips for manual testing along with format of writing test cases..??

  10. Hi guys
    I’m 2013 bca passed out. Till now don’t know what to do.

    Basically I’m not good @ programming.but I know basic concept in everything I’ve studied.

    But like to get into I.t field. Please suggest me software testing suits me or not. I’m not an innovative thinker.

    Can I choose java or automation testing ( selenium ). Please someone suggest me

  11. Opening for experience testers, Mumbai Goregoan region.
    Minimum Work experience required 6 months to 2 years.
    Send in ur CV to oklaboyz6@gmail.com

  12. Bug is identified by End user in Live environment, as testing engineer what you do?
    This question is asked in one interview to me.

  13. Hello,

    Very nice article.
    Also, testing person should keep it in mind that everyone is involved in giving final product/application to the client.
    Hence, even if no bug is found, it is OK, actually good.
    Be sure, your bugs are not changing the original requirement itself.

  14. We have 2 QA Opening in Chennai
    1, Senior QA Engineer with 2+ yrs of exp. in Automation Testing and 3+ yrs of exp. in manual testing. VS2013 Coded UI Testing knowledge prefered.
    2, QA Engineer with 2+ yrs of exp. in manual testing and VB or C# .net.

  15. We ran recently a survey asking the following question: What’s the most common reason for not manually testing websites/software before release or delivery to a client?”

    Here are the top 5 reasons that came up.

    #1: Time pressure: no time to test (35.7%)

    #2: Customer or users will test (18%)

    #3: Small release so not necessary (15%%)

    #4: Stable already: doesn’t need testing (14.1%)

    #5: Cost: can’t afford cost of testing (13.2%)

  16. Excellent explanation.. Loved it

  17. HI!!!

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    000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,
    000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,
    000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,
    000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,
    000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,
    000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,
    000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,
    000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,
    000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,
    000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,
    000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,

  20. Nice comments.it’s helpful for me

  21. Hi, am working as a Mobile App tester. please provide me the input that how many ways i can achieve the quality of Application.Some times getting Error from the client side due to time issue am not able to cover all the aspects.Please help me out of these.Am only one tester in this company

    Thank you

    Asha

  22. Excellent points. I would also like to add that don’t let the roller coaster ride of testing discourage you. Some days you’ll be on the kiddie roller coaster, pretty smooth sailing and other days on the most crazy roller coaster you can think of. This is the nature of testing.

  23. HI….its so valuable artical…like me as a freshers who are intrested to develop thier carrier in testing,It helps a lot.

  24. Hi , I want to have a company where I can spend my OJT,.. anyone here can help me, I’m in my last year in college,.. I’ve got a Certificate in Computer Technology Major in Software Development,.. I want to work abroad,.. anyone can help me.

    Just send your insights at this email: jkherr08@gmail.com

    Thanks!

  25. Thank you for sharing your experience and gave us tremendous tips for testing.

  26. Thank you for sharing

  27. Great list! Question for anyone, what is “Smoke Testing”?

    I deal with user reports and Test/Document what is reproducible. Screen shots are incredibly helpful, considering not all people are computer savvy. It’s common for users to forget or not realize important settings/steps done leading up to error/bug. Remote access to watch them work is equally useful.

    Thanks for this resource Vijay! Having access to a wealth of information is a big help. What I do know is mostly self taught this last 10 years, now I can expand my abilities further.

    -Elspeth

  28. Is it possible to do testing when test data is not available . Plz help me in answering this question.

  29. Hi, I would like to know, can a tester ask a developer on how something works in a application in order to write acceptance criteria?

  30. Can anyone have the Standard Operating Procedure document for Software testing?

  31. hi i would like to know,how i know the test cases is correct or not .and how can i develop in software testing application

  32. hi everyone,
    My self prakasam i did B.tech in Mechanical(2014), i didn’t get any job in my core field, so i desided to change software field ,because i don’t want to waste my more time by searching job in core field.

    My question is by doing Manual testing only can i get job??

    now i’m in Bangalore, my friends reffered me to join in Qspiders they are charging 11k for manual testing(40 days) and 22k for manual testing,test automation,java core and selinium(135 days).

    please suggest me …can i join??

  33. hello sir, I am software tester . currently I m on training period . i m working on project of hotel management have . i find an error or bug whatever u say . error is after 200 bills next bill I.e bill no. 201 shows more amount even if customer order only two items e.g if customer orders two bottels of mineral water and it cost 40 rupees then the bill no. 201 shows 150 rupees sir please tell me what is problem behind it where is mistake ?. please send me mail as soon as possible

  34. hello sir, I m software tester . now I m on training period. I m working on hotel management project. I have found one bug . bug is present in billing process. e.g if bill no. is 200 is made and then if customer purchase two items like mineral bottles cost is 40 rupees and if we made bill of that order I.e bill no. 201 then it shows 150 rupees in bill. please tell me what to do send me mail as soon as possible.

  35. HELLO,

    It’s nice article,can you elaborate how testing done with the application related with finance and insurance domain.I need diffrent ways to test these applications.

  36. hi, thanks for valuable insight. i loved all the above mentioned ideas . i personally practice #10. it really helps.

  37. Nice piece of advice. I’ll definitely implement each of them next time I carry out software testing. Thanks.

  38. Good Post… Very useful for the freshers who started career in testing

  39. Can you please share some guidelines on tested product and versioning of the project.

    Request for an early reply

  40. Nice work. Well among all the points bug reporting is the most imperative which usually not displayed well by some tester which further creates misguidance in understanding the root cause. In the past time, bug reports were in lengthy forms including fields and data requests. What’s the priority of the error? What’s the problem description? But now it should be in very clear and brief form.

  41. this is very helpful, should be read before start QA..

  42. very good article..thanks for sharing

  43. Nice Blog! The information provided by you is excellent. This article can give more clarification to QA person and substantially also be giving idea of testing process to Developers. Thank you for sharing.

  44. Good blog, information provided by you about software testing tricks was very helpful. Thanks for sharing with us.

  45. The article is extremely exceptionally supportive, and I have confronted huge numbers of the issues that are given in the article, subsequent to perusing the numerous things got cleared.

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