Gamification: A Prominent Key for Success in Various Aspects of Life
A complete overview of Gamification and its impact in different walks of life including the Agile Process that we testers and developers follow in our day-to-day work.
What is gamification? Let’s learn its meaning:
The main purpose of Gamification is to combine work with fun. Any non-game context can be made more appealing, by applying Gamification to it. In simple words, “Gamification” means integration of the existing environment with the game mechanics.
Basically, it is adopting the key elements of games like designing, action or activity, fun, and competition, and then applying them through game mechanics such as points, badges, and leaderboard.
What You Will Learn:
- All About Gamification
- Birth and History of Gamification
- Why Gamification?
- Gamification Examples
- Applying Gamification to Different Aspects of Life
- Case Study
- Recommended Reading
All About Gamification
Birth and History of Gamification
The following is an extract from Dan’s whitepaper: Gamification in e-learning
The Gamification era is supposed to start in the year 1912.
American Cracker Jack’s, a popcorn brand, had first introduced Gamification to the market. The company included a free reward in every bag. It was not authentic or “Gamification” in a real sense, but it was regarded as the beginning of “Gamification”.
1980’s: Books related to ‘Gamification’ were published and those include:
- What Makes Things Fun to Learn by Thomas W. Malone
- Heuristics for designing enjoyable user interfaces: Lessons from computer games
1990 to 2002:
Advanced ‘Gamification’ techniques were introduced to the students through computers in the classrooms. The games “Math Blaster” and “The Incredible Machine” gained students’ interest. These games faced a lot of criticism, as it was said they didn’t focus on curriculum. Instead, they only focused on repetitive practice skills for “addition” and “subtraction.”
SGI (Serious Games Initiative) was a sincere attempt by the US Military for the creation of games.
SGI attempted to achieve its objective of assisting in the new series implementation of policy education, exploration, and management tools. It concentrated on making effective use of the state of the art computer game designs, technologies, and development skills.
2003 to 2004:
Conundra was the first Gamification firm that gamified consumer products and offered incorporated gamified enterprise, however, the company did not last for long.
The Games for Change (G4C), making a social impact through games, was launched in the market. “Peacemaker,” a game on the Arab-Israeli conflict, was the most famous game by G4C to show the difficulties faced by both the countries, and thus inform players about the social issues faced by commoners.
2007 to 2010
The most famous Gamification tool for enterprises, Bunchball, was introduced. It was the first-ever company that rendered a gamified platform for the organizations. It provides readily available elements such as points, leaderboards, and badges.
The internet boost gave a great kick-start to Gamification. The DICE (Design Innovate Communication Entertainment) conference published videos on “Gamification” that went viral, leading to increased interest in the term.
The key points in 2011 for the progress of Gamification were:
- The Gamification summit was held in San Francisco for the 1st time which attracted over 400 attendees.
- The Oxford dictionary added Gamification to its year-end shortlist.
- Corporate Gamification took off with a boom.
- Global revenue gains from marketing, software, and consulting were a whopping $100 million.
Since 2011, Gamification is growing rapidly. Dedicated Gamification conferences are organized, books are published and research is held each year for Gamification. More and more organizations keep on experimenting with its different techniques, but the opinion for its real effectiveness is still largely divided.
Note: The Whitepaper link is no longer available.
The idea of Gamification is to add challenges, engage games, and trivia for the users of any application.
This will help with:
- Better user engagement
- Goal Setting
- Increasing Skills
- Challenging Environment
- Target Achievements
- Rewards and Recognition
- Finally – Accomplishing ORGANIZATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY
#1) Better User Engagement:
Two challenges need to be tackled when Gamification is introduced:
- Giving the user something that is beneficial to them and thus keeping the user engaged.
- The engagement should be interesting enough so that they will continue using and interacting with it.
#2) Goal Setting:
Introducing Gamification to Goal setting can help a lot in achieving the goal. Gamification designers should be well familiar with the S.M.A.R.T concept. The goal-setting should be based on the S.M.A.R.T concept, so that it will be easy to design and the purpose of Gamification will be achieved.
S.M.A.R.T acronym –
Specific: The goal should be clear, that’s the most important thing for Gamification. The questions “Who, What, Why, Where” need to be answered here.
Hotel Booking App: Goal of an employee assisting customers with hotel bookings.
Specific Goal: I should be able to convince potential customers of room bookings.
Measurable: I must be able to get confirmed bookings from the customers: One Suite room booking and two regular room bookings.
Attainable: The goal should be realistic and achievable. I need to be able to get confirmed bookings for all the 20 Suite rooms available. This can’t be achieved as long as the hotel is booked for a wedding function or a giant official conference or for that matter a cricket team is staying at the hotel.
Relevant: What does goal setting mean to you? Is it quite relevant for you? If you don’t prefer talking much then how will you develop convincing skills to get confirmations for hotel bookings?
Time-Bound: By when to achieve the goal set.
Must be able to get confirmed bookings from the customer: One Suite room booking and two regular room bookings by EOD (end of the day) or within a period of 3 days. Whatever goal is set, it must be time-bound. A time-bound goal gives you a fixed period to achieve it. Goals set to a closer time period are easier to visualize and work upon.
Gamification helps incorporate all these S.M.A.R.T concepts for goal setting in a fun way and thus makes it enjoyable.
#3) Increasing Skills:
At the organization level, you need to keep on improving your skills, to be at par with others. But in a day-to-day environment, learning new skills is vital but the motivational factor is a very low-key affair. Gamification can come to the rescue in such situations.
Example: At any top-level organization, teaching employees’ self-presentation skills, mannerism, behavioral skills, handling non-work-related situations at a job, reacting to an undesired situation, handling complaints and non-relevant requests from the customers, etc. need to be taken care of other than just work-related skills.
These can be taught to the employees by designing interactive videos, where they are taught how to be presentable, how you should improve your telephone manners, table manners, call attending manners etc.
There can be situational videos where the employees are asked, “how they will react in an unexpected situation?”, “How to handle troublesome customers?” etc.
#4) Challenging Environment:
On a day to day basis, we face various kinds of challenges like:
- Waking up early
- Regular exercise
- Decided Diet Plans
- Driving patiently through heavy traffic
- Balancing home and work responsibilities
- Keeping up the pace at the workplace
- Handling difficult team members
- Facing managers
- Short term and Long Term Trainings
- Maintaining client relationships
These are all routine challenges that we face on a day to day basis.
Let’s concentrate on handling Challenges by Gamification through examples.
Achieving a target: Graphic Designer needs to complete a certain magazine in a specific time period.
Work Strategy: Considering a regular office team situation:
Graphic Designers may be handling a team of say 5 people (Junior Graphic Designers).
- Tasks are being broken down for each designer.
- The time limit is set to complete each task by each designer.
- Reporting the completion of the overall task by all team members.
Now let’s “Gamify” the above process:
Gamification Strategy: Same office situation as above but handling it through Gamification.
(i) Tasks broken down can be given funny names:
Task: Creating a basic layout of a design for an 11 page magazine.
Gamification: Funny Name: Magazine Matrix loaded.
(ii) Time Badges are awarded:
Time limit: 7 to 24 hours required to complete a basic layout.
Gamification: Time Badge is awarded to the teammate for completing the task within the required time limit.
(iii) Tasks completed by individual teammates can be reported/ displayed on Leader Boards.
Thus a challenging environment can be ‘Gamified’. This gamified atmosphere in the team creates a fun and captivating workplace environment. It gives rise to healthy completion, keeping the pace of work in place, and achieving targets empathetically with full enthusiasm from every individual.
The individual efforts put in for the entire task are also amplified to a great extent.
#5) Target Achievements:
“If you can’t measure it, you can’t manage it”, says Peter Drucker (Peter Ferdinand Drucker was an Austrian-born American management consultant, educator, and author whose writings contributed to the philosophical and practical foundations of the modern business corporation, Wikipedia).
Today’s business strategy tries to measure and manage this in a more innovative way of Gamification. Incorporating “Gamification” in the workplace is a great challenge.
For a manager, to keep his employees motivated to achieve the targets requires a great deal of decision making, visualization, analysis, and implementation. Moreover, the stimulus should not get habituated, but keep on motivating in the long run.
Gamification attracts employees as it scales over a period of time. It keeps people on their toes to some extent, rather than the monotonous style of working together for years.
#6) Rewards and Recognition:
Reward or recognition is a dominant booster and motivator in any field.
E.g. Sports, IT, dance, music, architecture, technical, mechanical, etc. It increases productivity to a great extent as effort contribution increases when noticed and appreciated too.
Still, many companies fail to take advantage of it and fail to appreciate their employees appropriately. Lack of appreciation is a primary cause of employee dissatisfaction.
Furthermore, these rewards and recognitions shouldn’t be monotonous, like
- Luring employees for free snacks or gym passes,
- The “Employee of the month” plaque is displayed in the lobby (which is mostly ignored), or
- Honoring long-time employees with a small party, for sticking around for a prolonged period, or
- Typical standard lines with written Certificates being given out, or
- The same type of mementos getting awarded on companies’ annual functions.
When designing an employee appreciation program, it is important to remember that your aim is not only just to appreciate the ‘Achievements’ but also to reward the ‘activities’ and ‘efforts’ that are put in by the employees.
If any desired behaviour or process is displayed by an employee then that also needs to be appreciated and rewarded. This will promote the employees to adopt those behaviors and processes.
Gamification may be a solution to this lack of appreciation. Gamification can provide innovative and creative ways to improve individual and team morale, effort contribution, and interest for the longer-term. That, in turn, will definitely improve the overall productivity of the organization.
The ways in which Gamification can be employed for “Rewards and Recognition” are:
- Spin-a Prize wheel: It can be kept on a weekly basis for target achievements. Employees, who have achieved a target, get to spin a wheel and get rewarded for the efforts that they have put in for the whole week.
- Publish success stories: Success stories of employees who have taken appreciable actions.
- An employee who has put a lot of effort into achieving a target or
- An employee who has innovated in regular tasks or
- An employee who has brought out creative ways to complete monotonous work or
- An employee who helps fellow employees work towards their desired goals.
How all this was achieved and what went into it, to gain that success, can be published in company blogs or used as business cases.
It can be made as a company cultural story.
- Awarding Reward Points: Different types of badges can be awarded. This can be awarded to peers, managers, etc. to each other as a way of recognition. Employees who get the maximum number of badges can be awarded reward points.
- Payout Rewards: If employees meet the parameters set, then they can be awarded a lottery ticket at the end of the month.
You may find anything from:
- Free parking lot space
- An extra day of privilege leave
- Family Dinner pass
- Gift voucher
- Paid Off Certificate Training
- Special Perks: Gamification vendors, to promote themselves, offer special perks to organizations.
The perks can be:
- Free offers from reputed brands
- Fine dining
- Special concessions on apparel
- Travel passes
#7) Accomplishing ORGANIZATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY:
Gamification motivates employees in multiple ways. Gamification could go a long way towards enhancing employee trust and engagement.
Workplace incentive programs are improved due to the introduction of ‘Gamification’ in it. These Gamification programs provide employees with more frequent and meaningful rewards & recognition. Introducing games for incentives, rewards, and promotions is simply a way in which you can manifest and enhance your company culture.
Gamification has changed the organization in two different ways:
- First: Internally, it has helped to gain and improve the employee’s engagement. As the employee’s engagement has improved, it has further improved the business relations with the customers. And as employees are satisfied, it results in satisfied customers.
- Second: Externally, organizations are putting in efforts to employ Gamification tools for motivating employees, for more sales.
On the other hand, it motivates the customers to remain loyal to brands, by engaging them in promotional activities.
Applying Gamification to Different Aspects of Life
#1) Gamification in Health Care:
Pedometer App: Helps monitor weight loss.
- Takes your height and weight as input.
- Sets targets for walking per week, depending upon your height and weight.
- Count the number of steps that you take each day.
- Calculate the whole week’s steps taken.
- A number of steps are synched as Kilometers that you walk each day.
- The kilometers you walk are linked to the calories you burn.
- The calories you burn are linked to the weight you will lose.
#2) Gamification in Real Estate:
Realtor App: Real Estate and Property App
- Authorized agents are available online and personally for help.
- If an agent is able to invite 3 customers in a week to look around a property, he gets a badge.
- If an agent is able to sell/ rent 3 properties in a week, he gets a special incentive.
- If an agent sells 3 villas in a month, he gets 2 extra privilege leaves and one paid family vacation on specific days.
- Listed properties are verified and hence avoid fraudulent cases.
- Facilities for Virtual tours of specific sites are available.
- USA and India sites are listed. Hence the international scope for real estate is available.
- For huge villas in the USA, “Joyrides” are arranged to be shown around the house.
#3) Gamification in Education:
Socrative: For students
- Space race game for kids.
- Spaceships are available with different icons.
- Students can compete with each other by answering syllabus questions.
- The spaceships can be raced by answering the questions that appear on the screen.
- Different levels can be achieved by answering the questions.
- Student names are displayed on leaderboards after specific levels have been achieved.
- Healthy competition is being developed for the student himself or between the students if preferred.
Case Study 1: Gamification in Agile Process
Industry: Information Technology
Objective: Gamify Agile Process
- Collect data from the project management system and populate it on dashboards. This will help the leaders to get clear visibility of how the project and the team are progressing.
- Every employee can benefit from data and insights.
- Gamifying day-to-day activities would add fun and a sense of healthy competition to the team.
Summary: An app E.g., “Agile Focus“ can be developed.
Using the “Agile Focus” app, Individuals will receive points/ badges on:
- Number of user stories delivered within the sprint.
- Number of code and test case review comments within the sprint.
- Individuals with the least review comments.
- Special rewards on completion of user stories and testing ahead of estimations.
- Reward points for helping teammates.
- The leaderboard will continuously be scrolled, displaying the top-performing individuals.
A leaderboard will be maintained, where all the individuals will be listed in descending order of their points.
- Agile Focus’ new tool can be added as a plug-in in JIRA (or any project management tool.)
- Using data from JIRA and the pre-defined rules specific to projects, the plug-in will compute the points to be rewarded to each individual.
- We can call these points as Agile Points.
- Employees can redeem these agile points to receive perks/gifts.
- Employers can also use these points as pointers also for their performance evaluation (if needed).
- Projects using JIRA – A project management tool.
- Individuals are aware of the agile processes existing in the project.
- Individuals are well educated to use the various tools in the project.
- It may take a long time for implementation to integrate with the other project management tools. or configuration issues may arise.
- The app will also keep the historical data of the project performance. There will be different types of graphs to measure the project performance across sprints using this historical data.
- Develop a new plug-in for inter-project assessment.
- Enhancement of Agile Focus as a global product is focused on employees’ performances.
- Addition of avatars that will possess different types of powers. These avatars will evolve after a certain amount of points.
- Integration with social media platforms like LinkedIn.
- Implementation of the “Generic Challenges” framework. In this, leads/managers will create some challenges and the employees can register for them. A few examples could be,
- Automation of some daily routine tasks which saves time for all.
- Clear some technical certifications.
- Document some functionality.
- Blog writing etc.
Gamifying daily tasks will motivate employees to follow agile practices diligently. Employees will have a clear understanding of their tasks using Agile Focus.
This will, in turn, create a positive impact on the project deliverables. Leaderboards with rewards will contribute to healthy competition. Employees will monitor their own progress and strive to do their best in their day-to-day activities.
Do you have a few more interesting facts on Gamification to be added to this tutorial? Feel free to express your thoughts in the comments section below!!