HP Quality Center Tutorial (Day 4) – Creating and Managing Test Cases

This is the 4th Tutorial in our HP Quality Center Training series. You can check all the previously published tutorials on this page.  Note – As the tutorial length is little long we have divided our initial 4 days training into 6 tutorials. This will help you to learn HP Quality Center step by step with every minute detail.

In this tutorial you will learn:

  • How to create test cases in Quality Center
  • How to link test cases to requirements
  • Creating test suites in Quality Center

Creating Test Cases in HP ALM/Quality Center

We are working our way through ALM and have discussed Release, Cycle and Requirements. In our previous session we created a release, added cycles to them, created requirements, mapped them back to cycles and releases and finally, we saw how the statistics are affected based on these mappings. In our article today, we will move on to the further steps.

We will keep referring to the same Gmail.com example that we did in the previous articles. If you are not familiar with the same, please refer to the below article that came out before this one.

Requirements and Release Cycle Management using Quality Center

If the following are the test conditions that you came up with for each of our features in the May release:

1) Login – with correct credentials

  • a) Launch Gmail, Enter correct username, enter correct password and click login
  • b) Launch Gmail, Enter correct username, enter correct password, select “Stay signed in” and click login

2) Login – incorrect credentials

  • a) Launch Gmail, Enter correct username, incorrect password and click Login
  • b) Launch Gmail, Enter incorrect username, correct password and click Login
  • c) Launch Gmail, enter an incorrect username, incorrect password and click Login.

How do you write a manual test case for the same? Either you would use a word doc or an Excel sheet. I used an excel sheet to write the 1(a) test case as an example:

Quality Center Test cases

Let us see how to create the same test case in ALM.

Test Plan Tab in ALM

Steps to create test cases under Test Plan tab:

Step #1: Login to ALM into the right project. Create the release, cycles and requirements as described in the previous tutorials.

Step #2: Go to the Test Plan tab by choosing “Testing->Test Plan” from the sidebar.

Step #3: Choose “Subject” as your home folder and create a subfolder “ALM training” under it. I am going to create “May Release” and “June Release” Subfolders under it.

Test Plan tab in Quality Center

Step #4: Go to May Release folder and choose the option to create a new test.

Test Plan tab in Quality Center

Step #5: Enter the name and then choose the “type”. Choose “manual” for our tutorial.

Test Plan tab in Quality Center

Step #6: Enter the other details. The designer name will be auto-populated based on your login credentials.  Click OK. The test gets added.

Test Plan tab in Quality Center

Step #7: Now you can add your steps. Click on the “Design Steps” tab. Click on “New Step” icon.

Test Plan tab in Quality Center

Step #8: Enter the step details. The description and Expected Results fields come up complete text editing features that are self-explanatory.

Test Plan tab in Quality Center

Step #9: I am going to create all the steps as shown above. This is how the completed test case looks like:

Test Plan tab in Quality Center

This completes the process of adding test cases and steps to them.

Step #10: Under May release I am going to add some more test cases.

Test Plan tab in Quality Center

Linking Test Cases to Requirements:

Steps to link test cases and requirements:

1) Select a test case created and click on it. All the properties get displayed in the right-hand side tab. Go to “Req coverage” tab and click on “Select Req”

Linking Test Cases to Requirements

2) The requirements tree gets displayed on the side. Expand the tree and select the needed requirements.

Linking Test Cases to Requirements

3) Once done, close the requirement tree. You can link a test case to as many requirements as you would like. This is how the added requirement looks.

Linking Test Cases to Requirements

4) Let us now check, how this mapping effects the requirement. Go to Requirements tab from the sidebar. Double click on the requirement that you just mapped and notice the “Test Coverage” details:

Linking Test Cases to Requirements

You see how the test details and it’s the test’s status is displayed. Since this test was just created and never run, the coverage status shows as “No Run”. Let us now move on in our tutorial and learn how to run a test.

“Test Lab” tab in ALM:

Imagine we have just begun the May release testing phase. The first cycle is Smoke test. We are not going to execute all the test cases we have.

  • Briefly, a smoke test is a high-level test performed by the QA team on an AUT as soon as the code is deployed to make sure the application did not break. So we are only going to execute test cases 1-a and 2-c.
  • Similarly for sanity testing, which is checking the key functionality of the AUT. We will execute 1-a, 1-b and 2-e
  • Functional testing is everything.

Test lab tab will help us create test sets that contain the test cases that we need to execute in each phase. This is where the tester can execute the tests and record the test results. Let’s see how.

Steps to create test suites in Quality Center:

Step #1: Go to Test lab tab by navigating from the sidebar. Create the folders as shown below:

Create test suites

Step #2: Under May release, choose the option to create a new test set

Create test suites

Step #3: Enter the test set name. Click OK.

Create test suites

Step #4: Once it is created. Click on “Select Tests” from the menu

Create test suites

Step #5: Select the tests as required

Create test suites

Step #6: Alternately if you choose the “Requirements Tree” tab, you can choose requirement and all the tests that are linked to it get added to your test set.

Create test suites

Step #7: Go ahead and create all the test sets. As you can see from the above screenshot I have created a test set each for each cycle.

Step #8: Tip: You can choose to add the same test multiple times in a test case. In that case, the second instance of the test will appear with a prefix [2].

Points to Note:

1) If you observe, we have created our releases, requirements, tests etc all under the parent folder “ALM training”. There is no rule that you should do that. You can choose a different name for your folder in each section. But as you have seen, it makes so much sense to use the same folder name.  For a real-time project that you are working on and trying to use ALM for, try to come up with a name that you would want to consistently use across as the first step in your test management process.

2) The columns in the test plan tab or any other tabs can be customized by your project’s ALM admin.

Conclusion:

This finishes how we create tests, add steps to the tests, link the tests to requirements, create test sets, adding tests to test sets, and finally backtracking our way to see how each activity affects the statistics each time.

In our next Quality Center tutorial, we will learn how to execute test cases and check execution status using this tool.

Please let us know how we are doing. We value your opinion and will take all feedback very seriously.

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