How to Handle Alerts/Popups in Selenium WebDriver – Selenium Tutorial #16

Efficient Ways to Handle Windows and Web based Alerts/Popups in Selenium WebDriver:

In the previous tutorial, we focused our discussion on different types of waits provided by the WebDriver. We also discussed about various types of navigation options available in WebDriver.

Moving ahead in the Selenium WebDriver Tutorials, we will discuss about different types of alerts available while testing web applications and their handling strategies.

Handling alerts popups in selenium

There are two types of alerts that we would be focusing on majorly:

  1. Windows based alert pop ups
  2. Web based alert pop ups

As we know that handling windows based pop ups is beyond WebDriver’s capabilities, thus we would exercise some third party utilities to handle window pop ups.

Handling pop up is one of the most challenging piece of work to automate while testing web applications. Owing to the diversity in types of pop ups complexes the situation even more.

What is Alert box/ Pop up box/ confirmation Box/ Prompt/ Authentication Box?

It is nothing but a small box that appears on the display screen to give you some kind of information or to warn you about a potentially damaging operation or it may even ask you for the permissions for the operation.

Example: Let us consider a real life example for a better understanding; Let us assume that we uploaded a photograph on any of these popular social networking sites. Later on, i wish to delete the uploaded photograph. So in order to delete, i clicked on the delete button. As soon as I click on the delete button, the system warns me against my action, prompting – Do you really want to delete the file? So now we have an option to either accept this alert or reject it.

So ahead in the session, let’s see how do we reject or accept the alerts depending on their types. Starting with the web based pop ups.

Web Based Popups

webdriver alerts 1

Let us see how do we handle them using WebDriver.

Handling web based pop-up box

WebDriver offers the users with a very efficient way to handle these pop ups using Alert interface.

There are the four methods that we would be using along with the Alert interface.

1) void dismiss() – The dismiss() method clicks on the “Cancel” button as soon as the pop up window appears.
2) void accept() – The accept() method clicks on the “Ok” button as soon as the pop up window appears.
3) String getText() – The getText() method returns the text displayed on the alert box.
4) void sendKeys(String stringToSend) – The sendKeys() method enters the specified string pattern into the alert box.

Let us move ahead and look at the actual implementation.

Explanation of Application under Test

We have designed a web page in a way to include a few fundamental types of web elements. This is the same application we introduced while discussing Select class earlier in this series.

  • Hyperlink: The two hyperlinks namely “Google” and “abodeQA” have been provided that re-directs the user to “http://www.google.com/” and “http://www.abodeqa.com/” respectively on the click event.
  • Dropdown: The three hyperlinks have been created for selecting colors, fruits and animals with a value set to default.
  • Button: A “try it” button has been created to show up the pop up box having OK and Cancel buttons upon click event.

(Click on image to view enlarged)

 

webdriver alerts 2

Subsequent is the HTML code used to create the above mentioned webpage:

<!DOCTYPE html></pre>
<html>
<head><title> Testing Select Class </title>
<body>
<div id="header">
<ul id="linkTabs">
<li>
<a href="https://www.google.com/">Google</a>
</li>
<li>
<a href="http://abodeqa.wordpress.com/">abodeQA</a>
</li>
</ul>
</div>
<div class="header_spacer"></div>
<div id="container">
<div id="content" style="padding-left: 185px;">
<table id="selectTable">
<tbody>
<tr>
<td>
<div>
<select id="SelectID_One">
<option value="redvalue">Red</option>
<option value="greenvalue">Green</option>
<option value="yellowvalue">Yellow</option>
<option value="greyvalue">Grey</option>
</select>
</div>
</td>
<td>
<div>
<select id="SelectID_Two">
<option value="applevalue">Apple</option>
<option value="orangevalue">Orange</option>
<option value="mangovalue">Mango</option>
<option value="limevalue">Lime</option>
</select>
</div>
</td>
<td>
<div>
<select id="SelectID_Three">
<option value="selectValue">Select</option>
<option value="elephantvalue">Elephant</option>
<option value="mousevalue">Mouse</option>
<option value="dogvalue">Dog</option>
</select>
</div>
</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>
<p>Click the button to display a confirm box.</p>
<button onclick="myFunction()">Try it</button>

<script>
function myFunction()
{
confirm("Press a button!");
}
</script>
</body>
</html>
</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

Scenario to be automated

  1. Launch the web browser and open the webpage
  2. Click on the “Try it” button
  3. Accept the alert
  4. Click on the “Try it” button again
  5. Reject the alert

WebDriver Code using Select Class

Please take a note that for script creation, we would be using “Learning_Selenium” project created in the former tutorial.

Step 1: Create a new java class named as “DemoWebAlert” under the “Learning_Selenium” project.
Step 2: Copy and paste the below code in the “DemoWebAlert.java” class.

Below is the test script that is equivalent to the above mentioned scenario.

import org.junit.After;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.openqa.selenium.Alert;
import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;

/**
* class description
*/

public class DemoWebAlert {
                WebDriver driver;
                /**
                * Constructor
                */
                public DemoWebAlert() {                            
                }

                /**
                * Set up browser settings and open the application
                */

                @Before
                public void setUp() {
                                driver=new FirefoxDriver();
                                // Opened the application
                                driver.get("file:///F:/Work/Selenium/Testing-Presentation/DemoWebPopup.htm");
                                driver.manage().window().maximize();
                }

                /**
                * Test to check Select functionality
                * @throws InterruptedException
                */

                @Test
                public void testWebAlert() throws InterruptedException {                          
                                // clicking on try it button
                                driver.findElement(By.xpath("//button[contains(text(),'Try it')]")).click();
                                Thread.sleep(5000);

                                // accepting javascript alert
                                Alert alert = driver.switchTo().alert();
                                alert.accept();

                                // clicking on try it button
                                driver.findElement(By.xpath("//button[contains(text(),'Try it')]")).click();
                                Thread.sleep(5000);

                                // accepting javascript alert
                                driver.switchTo().alert().dismiss();

                                // clicking on try it button
                                driver.findElement(By.xpath("//button[contains(text(),'Try it')]")).click();
                                Thread.sleep(5000);

                                // accepting javascript alert
                                System.out.println(driver.switchTo().alert().getText());
                                driver.switchTo().alert().accept();
                }

                /**
                * Tear down the setup after test completes
                */

                @After
                public void tearDown() {             
                    driver.quit();
                }
} 

Code Walk-through

------------

Import Statements

Import org.openqa.selenium.Alert – Import this package prior to the script creation The package references to the Alert class which is required to handle the web based alerts in WebDriver.

Object Creation for Alert class
Alert alert = driver.switchTo().alert();

We create a reference variable for Alert class and references it to the alert.

Switch to Alert
Driver.switchTo().alert();
The above command is used to switch the control to the recently generated pop up window.

Accept the Alert
alert.accept();
The above command accepts the alert thereby clicking on the Ok button.

Reject the Alert
alert.dismiss();
The above command closes the alert thereby clicking on the Cancel button and hence the operation should not proceed.

Window Based Pop Ups

webdriver alerts 3

At times while automating, we get some scenarios, where we need to handle pop ups generated by windows like a print pop up or a browsing window while uploading a file.

Handling these pop-ups have always been a little tricky as we know Selenium is an automation testing tool which supports only web application testing, that means, it doesn’t support windows based applications and window alert is one of them. However Selenium alone can’t help the situation but along with some third party intervention, this problem can be overcome.

There are several third party tools available for handling window based pop-ups along with the selenium.

So now let’s handle a window based pop up using Robot class.

Robot class is a java based utility which emulates the keyboard and mouse actions.

Before moving ahead, let us take a moment to have a look at the application under test (AUT).

Explanation of Application under Test

As an application under test, we would be using “gmail.com”. I believe the application doesn’t require any more introductions.

Scenario to be automated

  1. Launch the web browser and open the application – “gmail.com”
  2. Enter valid username and password
  3. Click on the sign in button
  4. Click on the a compose button
  5. Click on the attach icon
  6. Select the files to be uploaded with the window based pop up.

WebDriver Code using Robot Class

Please take a note that for script creation, we would be using “Learning_Selenium” project created in the former tutorial.

Step 1: Create a new java class named as “DemoWindowAlert” under the “Learning_Selenium” project.
Step 2: Copy and paste the below code in the “DemoWindowAlert.java” class.

Below is the test script that is equivalent to the above mentioned scenario.

 import java.awt.Robot;</pre>
import java.awt.event.KeyEvent;
import org.junit.After;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;

public class DemoWindowAlert {
WebDriver driver;
@Before

public void setUp()
{
driver=new FirefoxDriver();
driver.get("https://gmail.com");
driver.manage().window().maximize();
}

@Test
public void testWindowAlert() throws Exception{

// enter a valid email address
driver.findElement(By.id("Email")).sendKeys("TestSelenium1607@gmail.com");

// enter a valid password
driver.findElement(By.id("Passwd")).sendKeys("TestSelenium");

// click on sign in button
driver.findElement(By.id("signIn")).click();
Thread.sleep(30000);

// click on compose button
driver.findElement(By.xpath("//div[@class='z0']//div[contains(text(),'COMPOSE')]")).click();

// click on attach files icon
driver.findElement(By.xpath("//div[contains(@command,'Files')]//div[contains(@class,'aaA')]")).click();

// creating instance of Robot class (A java based utility)
Robot rb =new Robot();

// pressing keys with the help of keyPress and keyRelease events
rb.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_D);
rb.keyRelease(KeyEvent.VK_D);
Thread.sleep(2000);

rb.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_SHIFT);
rb.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_SEMICOLON);
rb.keyRelease(KeyEvent.VK_SEMICOLON);
rb.keyRelease(KeyEvent.VK_SHIFT);

rb.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_BACK_SLASH);
rb.keyRelease(KeyEvent.VK_BACK_SLASH);
Thread.sleep(2000);

rb.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_P);
rb.keyRelease(KeyEvent.VK_P);

rb.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_I);
rb.keyRelease(KeyEvent.VK_I);

rb.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_C);
rb.keyRelease(KeyEvent.VK_C);
Thread.sleep(2000);

rb.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_ENTER);
rb.keyRelease(KeyEvent.VK_ENTER);
Thread.sleep(2000);
}

@After
public void tearDown()
{
driver.quit();
}
} 

Code Walk-through

Import Statements

import java.awt.Robot – Import this package prior to the script creation The package references to the Robot class in java which is required simulate keyboard and mouse events.

import java.awt.event.KeyEvent – The package allows the user to use keyPress and keyRelease events of keyboard.

Object Creation for Robot class
Robot rb =new Robot();
We create a reference variable for Robot class and instantiate it.

KeyPress and KeyRelease Events
rb.keyPress(KeyEvent.VK_D);
rb.keyRelease(KeyEvent.VK_D);

The keyPress and keyRelease methods simulate the user pressing and releasing a certain key on the keyboard respectively.

Conclusion

In this tutorial, we tried to make you acquainted with the WebDriver’s Alert class that is used to handle web based pop ups. We also briefed you about the Robot class that can be used to populate the value in the window based alert with the help of keyPress and keyRelease events.

Article summary:

  • Alerts are a small box that appears on the display screen to give you some kind of information or to warn you about a potentially damaging operation or it may even ask you for the permissions for the operation.
  • There are popularly two types of alerts
    • Windows based alert pop ups
    • Web based alert pop ups
  • Prior to the actual scripting, we need to import a package to be able to create a WebDriver script for handling a dropdown and making the Select class accessible.
  • WebDriver offers the users with a very efficient way to handle these pop ups using Alert interface.
  • void dismiss() – The dismiss() method clicks on the “Cancel” button as soon as the pop up window appears.
  • void accept() – The accept() method clicks on the “Ok” button as soon as the pop up window appears.
  • String getText() – The getText() method returns the text displayed on the alert box.
  • void sendKeys(String stringToSend) – The sendKeys() method enters the specified string pattern into the alert box.
  • Handling window based pop-ups have always been a little tricky as we know Selenium is an automation testing tool which supports only web application testing, that means, it doesn’t support windows based applications and window alert is one of them.
  • Robot class is a java based utility which emulates the keyboard and mouse actions and can be effectively used to handling window based pop up with the help of keyboard events.
  • The keyPress and keyRelease methods simulate the user pressing and releasing a certain key on the keyboard respectively.

Next Tutorial #17: In the upcoming tutorial, we would discuss about the various other commonly used WebDriver commands. We would shed light on topics like exception handling and iframe handling. We would also discuss about the get commands provided in WebDriver.

We would explain these topics with quick examples in order to make them understandable for the readers to exercise these concepts in their day to day scripting.

Note for the Readers: Till then, stay tuned and automate the web pages having web based and window based pop ups using WebDriver utility – “Alert class” and Java utility – “Robot Class”.

Feel free to post your queries/comments about this or any other previous tutorials in comments below.

Recommended reading

37 comments ↓

#1 vasim khan

Usefull information…..

#2 Rohit

does this method work for all types of popup windows?

#3 Shruti Shrivastava

@Vasim

Thank you.

#4 Shruti Shrivastava

@Rohit

The methods like dismiss(), accept etc surely works for Web Based pop ups.
But to tackle Windows based popups, you need to approach differently. Robot Class explained in this tutorial is one of the many available options.

#5 Bhaskar

Hi,

When i try to execute the above code, it worked till opening a popup window later with robot class declaration it is not performing any actions in the window popup.

Do we need to do any other configurations for this.

Thanks,
Bhaskar

#6 Yuval

This is a great article. top information on how to work with Selenium. can I offer you publishing this article in QATestingTools.com ?

#7 Shruti Shrivastava

@Bhaskar

It is a tested code and it works well on my system.
Please go through this link to check if you followed the same steps:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Hn2bErpwDQ

#8 Murthy

Hi Sruthi,

This was nice article, i tried to execute the code for window based popups which is on gmail compose mail scenario. As per the above code using robot class it worked till opening he popup but after that my was stopped and it is not performing any actions.

Could you please let me know whether we need to use any specific server versions or anything needed to run the script smoothly on the gmail popup.

Waiting for your reply.

Thanks,
Murthy K

#9 nilima

how to handle jquery dialog having yes no button using selenium webdriver

#10 swati

when i used :

val alert = browser.webDriver.switchTo().alert();
println(“####################################” + alert.getText)
alert.accept()

its not working for me, I am using play framework, I already import org.openqa.selenium.Alert, but still not working. can any one help me?

#11 Subbu

What if alert is not displayed all the time?, I mean, it may be displayed are may not be displayed, how to handle such situation?

#12 sandy

if the pop up window does not have yes or no button it have close symbol and subscribe button then what to do

#13 Herbert G

Hi!
I have a problem in which when there is a javascript alert window and a user accept it, then the next time the c# application tries to access the web browser it fails with a message “found text( alert: ‘the message on the alert window’) disappeared before…” but when you handle the alert using the c# application next time you don’t get the error. It seems like if there is a pop up immediately the selenium web driver gets it and when a user accepts it the selenium driver gets exceptions how can we handle that cause i tried using try catch but it didn’t work. Thanks for any help.

#14 AshokP

Appreciate any help on recognizing the popup for
Open : http://pa-pewebtest-vm.eng.vmware.com/comp_guide2/search.php
Click on Compatibility Guides –> any options (say Virtual SAN –> Download ***

Need to get details like (title and URL) of this browser popup that opens a PDF file and need to close this popup

#15 bob

excellent! i spent hours on google reading about getting window handles and switching to another window. this is new info for a situation i have never encountered before- thanks!

#16 Jino

SHOWING ERRORS,plz help on this
@Test
public void h() {
WebElement element = driver.findElement(By.xpath(“/html/body/div[1]/div/div[6]/div[2]/div/div[1]/div/ul/li[1]/a”));
Actions action = new Actions(element);
action.moveToElement(element).build().perform();
element.findElement(By.xpath(“/html/body/div[1]/div/div[6]/div[2]/div/div[1]/div/ul/li[1]/ul/li[2]/a”)).click();
Thread.sleep(2000);
}

#17 Abhyanand Mauar

Hi,

This post is really helped in how to handle the window popups. But driver.accept(), driver.dismiss() only work for javascript pops not for jquery popups.
Can any one tell me how to handle query popups.

#18 Chandrakanth

Hello sir,

My programme is stopping after clicking on popup window it is not able to move further , if you help me in this regard it would be appreciate

package MNeConnect;
import java.util.*;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.remote.server.handler.GetWindowSize;
import com.sun.jna.platform.unix.X11.Window;
public class MNeConnect {
public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();
// Wait For Page To Load
// Put a Implicit wait, this means that any search for elements on the page

// Navigate to URL
driver.get(“https://uat.mneconnect.com/PreProdMNeConnectAdmin/MNEHome.aspx”);
// Maximize the window.
driver.manage().window().maximize();
// Enter UserName
driver.findElement(By.id(“txtLogin”)).sendKeys(“bangalore”);
// Enter Password
driver.findElement(By.id(“txtPwd”)).sendKeys(“Password@12”);
// Wait For Page To Load
driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(60, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
// Click on ‘Sign In’ button
driver.findElement(By.name(“buttonlogin”)).click();
//Click on Compose Mail.
driver.findElement(By.id(“lnkProviderAdmin”)).click();
driver.findElement(By.linkText(“EDI Transactions”)).click();
driver.findElement(By.id(“832”)).click();
driver.findElement(By.linkText(“Primary”)).click();
String mainwindowid=driver.getWindowHandle();
System.out.println(“Main WIndow ID id”+mainwindowid);
driver.findElement(By.cssSelector(“a[title=\”Select Patient\”]”)).click();
Set windowId = driver.getWindowHandles();
System.out.println(windowId.size());
Iterator iterator=windowId.iterator();
String popupWindow;
while(iterator.hasNext())
{
popupWindow=iterator.next().toString();

if(!popupWindow.equals((mainwindowid)))
{
driver.switchTo().window(popupWindow);
driver.findElement(By.id(“btnSearch”)).click();
}
}

}

}

#19 Naveen

Sir this examples using java,how to check the same problems using C# in

#20 shalini

How to handle “Location Tracker” window pop in selenium wbdriver. kindly give me suggestion

#21 Gaurav Khurana

Thanks it was really useful to know about Robot class.

It was interesting to see this kind of automation. How to select the check box which comes on the alert box ?

Example :- There is a checkbox comes with the message on alert box . ” do you want it to not generate further checkboxes”

#22 Diljeet

How to handle pop-up which comes when opening flipkart site…”Are you on the App yet ?”, any help will be appreciated.

Thanks
Diljeet

#23 Srikanth

Very Good Notes. Helps a lot for many people.

#24 grr

hi shruthi,it is a great tutorial.thanque.
i cannot see keyPress methods after clicking robot object . (dot)in eclipse.I imported java.awt.*.What might be the problem,please tell me.

#25 Subhajit

Could u give the same code for the C# and in firefox browser???

I think it is also browser dependent, In chrome it runs fine!!

#26 Shalvin

Below please find a class that can be used for the same scenario in C#.

Source : http://www.codeproject.com/Articles/28064/Global-Mouse-and-Keyboard-Library

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace Utils
{
///
/// Handle Keyboard and Mouse events
///
public static class Robot
{
private static class Native
{
[DllImport(“user32.dll”)]
internal static extern int ShowCursor(bool show);

[DllImport(“user32.dll”)]
internal static extern void mouse_event(int flags, int dX, int dY, int buttons, int extraInfo);

[DllImport(“user32.dll”)]
internal static extern void keybd_event(byte key, byte scan, int flags, int extraInfo);

internal const int MOUSEEVENTF_MOVE = 0x1;
internal const int MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTDOWN = 0x2;
internal const int MOUSEEVENTF_LEFTUP = 0x4;
internal const int MOUSEEVENTF_RIGHTDOWN = 0x8;
internal const int MOUSEEVENTF_RIGHTUP = 0x10;
internal const int MOUSEEVENTF_MIDDLEDOWN = 0x20;
internal const int MOUSEEVENTF_MIDDLEUP = 0x40;
internal const int MOUSEEVENTF_WHEEL = 0x800;
internal const int MOUSEEVENTF_ABSOLUTE = 0x8000;

internal const int KEYEVENTF_EXTENDEDKEY = 0x1;
internal const int KEYEVENTF_KEYUP = 0x2;
}

///
/// Handle Mouse events
///
public static class Mouse
{
private enum MouseButton
{
Left = 0x2,
Right = 0x8,
Middle = 0x20
}

#region Properties

///
/// Gets or sets a structure that represents both X and Y mouse coordinates
///
public static Point Position
{
get
{
return new Point(Cursor.Position.X, Cursor.Position.Y);
}
set
{
Cursor.Position = value;
}
}

///
/// Gets or sets only the mouse’s x coordinate
///
public static int X
{
get
{
return Cursor.Position.X;
}
set
{
Cursor.Position = new Point(value, Y);
}
}

///
/// Gets or sets only the mouse’s y coordinate
///
public static int Y
{
get
{
return Cursor.Position.Y;
}
set
{
Cursor.Position = new Point(X, value);
}
}

#endregion

#region Methods

///
/// Press a mouse button down
///
///
private static void MouseDown(MouseButton button)
{
Native.mouse_event(((int)button), 0, 0, 0, 0);
}

///
/// Press a mouse button down
///
///
public static void MouseDown(MouseButtons button)
{
switch (button)
{
case MouseButtons.Left:
MouseDown(MouseButton.Left);
break;
case MouseButtons.Middle:
MouseDown(MouseButton.Middle);
break;
case MouseButtons.Right:
MouseDown(MouseButton.Right);
break;
}
}

///
/// Let a mouse button up
///
///
private static void MouseUp(MouseButton button)
{
Native.mouse_event(((int)button) * 2, 0, 0, 0, 0);
}

///
/// Let a mouse button up
///
///
public static void MouseUp(MouseButtons button)
{
switch (button)
{
case MouseButtons.Left:
MouseUp(MouseButton.Left);
break;
case MouseButtons.Middle:
MouseUp(MouseButton.Middle);
break;
case MouseButtons.Right:
MouseUp(MouseButton.Right);
break;
}
}

///
/// Click a mouse button (down then up)
///
///
private static void Click(MouseButton button)
{
MouseDown(button);
MouseUp(button);
}

///
/// Click a mouse button (down then up)
///
///
public static void Click(MouseButtons button)
{
switch (button)
{
case MouseButtons.Left:
Click(MouseButton.Left);
break;
case MouseButtons.Middle:
Click(MouseButton.Middle);
break;
case MouseButtons.Right:
Click(MouseButton.Right);
break;
}
}

///
/// Double click a mouse button (down then up twice)
///
///
private static void DoubleClick(MouseButton button)
{
Click(button);
Click(button);
}

///
/// Double click a mouse button (down then up twice)
///
///
public static void DoubleClick(MouseButtons button)
{
switch (button)
{
case MouseButtons.Left:
DoubleClick(MouseButton.Left);
break;
case MouseButtons.Middle:
DoubleClick(MouseButton.Middle);
break;
case MouseButtons.Right:
DoubleClick(MouseButton.Right);
break;
}
}

///
/// Roll the mouse wheel. Delta of 120 wheels up once normally, -120 wheels down once normally
///
///
public static void MouseWheel(int delta)
{
Native.mouse_event(Native.MOUSEEVENTF_WHEEL, 0, 0, delta, 0);
}

///
/// Show a hidden current on currently application
///
public static void Show()
{
Native.ShowCursor(true);
}

///
/// Hide mouse cursor only on current application’s forms
///
public static void Hide()
{
Native.ShowCursor(false);
}

#endregion

}

///
/// Handle Keyboard events
///
public static class Keyboard
{
///
/// Handle Type
///
///
public static void Type(string text)
{
//TODO: Make {SpecialChar} logic/
var letters = text.ToCharArray();
foreach (var letter in letters)
{
KeyPress(letter);
}
}

///
/// Handle KeyDown
///
///
public static void KeyDown(Keys key)
{
Native.keybd_event(ParseKey(key), 0, 0, 0);
}

///
/// Handle KeyDown
///
///
public static void KeyDown(string key)
{
KeyDown(Key(key));
}

///
/// Handle KeyDown
///
///
public static void KeyDown(char key)
{
KeyDown(key.ToString());
}

///
/// Handle KeyUp
///
///
public static void KeyUp(Keys key)
{
Native.keybd_event(ParseKey(key), 0, Native.KEYEVENTF_KEYUP, 0);
}

///
/// Handle KeyUp
///
///
public static void KeyUp(string key)
{
KeyUp(Key(key));
}

///
/// Handle KeyUp
///
///
public static void KeyUp(char key)
{
KeyUp(key.ToString());
}

///
/// Handle KeyPress
///
///
public static void KeyPress(Keys key)
{
KeyDown(key);
KeyUp(key);
}

///
/// Handle KeyPress
///
///
public static void KeyPress(string key)
{
if (key != key.ToUpper())
{
KeyPress(Key(key));
}
else
{
KeyDown(Keys.Shift);
KeyPress(Key(key));
KeyUp(Keys.Shift);
}
}

///
/// Handle KeyPress
///
///
public static void KeyPress(char key)
{
KeyPress(key.ToString());
}

private static byte ParseKey(Keys key)
{
switch (key)
{
case Keys.Alt:
return (byte)18;
case Keys.Control:
return (byte)17;
case Keys.Shift:
return (byte)16;
default:
return (byte)key;
}
}

private static Keys Key(string key)
{
return (Keys)Enum.Parse(typeof(Keys), key, true);
}
}
}
}

#27 Baskar

Actually I want the copy the partial text from the popup window and the text will be the input in the other screen.

How i can able to handle it using selenium webdriver

#28 arajesh

Hi Jino,
please find the below script.
Public class Menu
{
public static void main(String[]args)
{
WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();
driver.get(“url”);
WebElement element = driver.findElemnt(By.id(“element of the menu”));
Actions action = new Actions(driver);
action.moveToElemnt(element).perform();
driver.findElemnt(By.id(“location of the hidden drop down menu”)).click();
}
}

#29 rashmi

HI,i am a beginner in selenium, could you please help me with my queries, how to handle runtime pop up ?

#30 Deepak

Can I use AutoIt tool in stead of Robot Class?

#31 Deepak

Can you share the exact path where I can find the “Learning_Selenium” project

#32 Aruna R

Getting the error ” unknown error: cannot determine loading status from unexpected alert open ” when dealing with pop ups in chrome browser.Please help me to resolve this issue

#33 VIkrant

Hi i am currently doing Automation and i have same Pop up is coming and i follow the exact the same code the one you using it here. But i got this error “unknown error: cannot determine loading status
from unexpected alert open”. Any idea why i got this error. Thanks

#34 Jim

I am unable to get the Robot class code to work on a Mac with Chrome. The Mac file browser comes up but doesn’t get focus (Cancel button isn’t active, etc.), the system beeps with the Robot keypress attempts, and then the file browser gets focus.

I tried adding some Thred.sleep() delays, but no good. Is there a driver.switchTo() command I need to insert?

#35 Prashanth

How can we say that it is a window based popup and it is web based popup.

#36 Anusha

Hi sir ,i have doubt in this code.
package sele_build;

import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.Set;

import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;

public class Handle_popupNAlert
{
public static void main(String[] args ) throws InterruptedException
{
System.setProperty(“webdriver.chrome.driver”, “D:\\selenium\\drivers\\chromedriver.exe”);

WebDriver driver= new ChromeDriver();
driver.get(“http://www.rediff.com/”);
WebElement sign = driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//html/body/div[3]/div[3]/span[4]/span/a”));
sign.click();

Set windowId = driver.getWindowHandles(); // get window id of current window
Iterator itererator = windowId.iterator();

String mainWinID = itererator.next();
String newAdwinID = itererator.next();

driver.switchTo().window(newAdwinID);
System.out.println(driver.getTitle());
Thread.sleep(3000);
driver.close();

driver.switchTo().window(mainWinID);
System.out.println(driver.getTitle());
Thread.sleep(2000);

WebElement email_id= driver.findElement(By.xpath(“//*[@id=’c_uname’]”));
email_id.sendKeys(“hi”);
Thread.sleep(5000);

driver.close();
driver.quit();
}
}
can u please check code for

#37 KP

Hi ,

i have a pop up generated stating incident id INC00000001234 is generated and a OK button,

i need to copy that id and click on OK and then use that id.
Location of that popup window is not stable. it changes everytime.

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