ISTQB Question Pattern and Tips to Solve

In this article, our author Sandhya will be giving you ISTQB paper pattern and more tips on how to solve the questions quickly. To start with, here are 10 sample ISTQB ‘Foundation level’ questions with a detailed explanation for each answer.

ISTQB Question Pattern and Tips to Solve

ISTQB questions are formatted in such a way that the answers look much similar to one another. People often tend to choose the one, which they are more familiar with. However, it is always advisable to read the question carefully twice or thrice or even more than that, till we are clear about what is being asked.

Later, look at the options carefully. The options are chosen to confuse the candidates. To choose the correct answer, we should start eliminating one by one. Go through each option and check whether it is an appropriate one or not. If you end up selecting more than one option, repeat the above logic for the answers that you have selected. This will definitely work.

ISTQB Question Pattern

Before you start with the question papers, please read the material thoroughly. Practice as many papers as possible. This will help a lot because, when we actually solve the papers, we apply the logic that we know.

ISTQB ‘Foundation level’ Sample Questions with Answers

1. Designing the test environment set-up and identifying any required infrastructure and tools are a part of which phase?

a) Test Implementation and execution
b) Test Analysis and Design
c) Evaluating the Exit Criteria and reporting
d) Test Closure Activities

Evaluating the options:
a) Option a: The name suggests these activities are a part of the actual implementation cycle. So it does not fall under set-up
b) Option b: Analysis and design activities come before implementation. The test environment set-up, identifying any required infrastructure and tools are a part of this activity.
c) Option c: These are post-implementation activities
d) Option d: These are related to closing activities. And this is the last activity.

So, here the answer is ‘B’

2. Test Implementation and execution has which of the following major tasks?

i. Developing and prioritizing test cases, creating test data, writing test procedures and optionally preparing the test harnesses and writing automated test scripts.
ii. Creating the test suite from the test cases for efficient test execution.
iii. Verifying whether the test environment has been set up correctly or not.
iv. Determining the exit criteria.

a) i,ii,iii are true and iv is false
b) i,,iv are true and ii is false
c) i,ii are true and iii,iv are false
d) ii,iii,iv are true and i is false

Evaluating the options:
Let’s follow a different approach in this case. As it can be seen from the above options, determining the exit criteria is definitely not a part of test implementation and execution. So choose the options where (iv) is false. This filters out ‘b’ and ‘d’.

We need to select only from ‘a’ and ‘c’ now. We only need to analyze the option (iii) as (i) and (ii) are marked as true in both the cases. Verification of the test environment is a part of the implementation activity. Hence option (iii) is true. This leaves the only option as ‘a’.

So, here the answer is ‘A’

3. A Test Plan Outline contains which of the following?

i. Test Items
ii. Test Scripts
iii. Test Deliverables
iv. Responsibilities

a) i,ii,iii are true and iv is false
b) i,iii,iv are true and ii is false
c) ii,iii are true and i and iv are false
d) i,ii are false and iii , iv are true

Evaluating the options:
Let’s use the approach implemented in the question no. 2 here. Test scripts are a not part of the test plan (this must be clear). So choose the options where (ii) is false. So we end up selecting ‘b’ and ‘d’. Now evaluate the option (i), as the option (iii) and (iv) are already given as true in both the cases. Test items are a part of the test plan. Test items are the modules or features which will be tested and these will be a part of the test plan as well.

So, here the answer is ‘B’

4. One of the fields on a form contains a text box which accepts numeric values in the range of 18 to 25. Identify the invalid Equivalence class.
a) 17
b) 19
c) 24
d) 21

Evaluating the options:
In this case, first, we should identify which are valid and invalid equivalence classes.

Invalid Class | Valid Class | Invalid Class
Below 18 | 18 to 25 | 26 and above

Option ‘a’ falls under invalid class. Options ‘b’, ‘c’ and ‘d’ fall under valid class.

So, here the answer is ‘A’

5. In an Examination, a candidate has to score a minimum of 24 marks in order to clear the exam. The maximum that he can score is 40 marks. Identify the Valid Equivalence values if the student clears the exam.

a) 22,23,26
b) 21,39,40
c) 29,30,31
d) 0,15,22

Evaluating the options:
Let’s use the approach given in question 4. Identify valid and invalid equivalence classes.

Invalid Class | Valid Class | Invalid Class
Below 24 | 24 to 40 | 41 and above

The question is to identify valid equivalence values. So all the values must be of ‘Valid class’ only.

a) Option a: all the values are not from valid class
b) Option b: all the values are not from valid class
c) Option c: all the values are from valid class
d) Option d: all the values are not from valid class

So, here the answer is ‘C’

6. Which of the following statement regarding Static Testing is false?

a) static testing requires running of tests through the code
b) static testing includes desk checking
c) static testing includes techniques such as reviews and inspections
d) static testing can give measurements such as cyclomatic complexity

Evaluating the options:
a) Option a: Is wrong. Static testing has nothing to do with the code
b) Option b: It is correct, static testing does include desk checking
c) Option c: It is correct, it includes reviews and inspections
d) Option d: It is correct, it can give measurements such as cyclomatic complexity

So, here the answer is ‘A’

7. Which of the following does Verification involve?
i. Helps to check the Quality of the built product
ii. Helps to check if we have built the right product or not.
iii. Helps in developing the product
iv. Monitoring tool wastage and obsoleteness.

a) Options i,ii,iii,iv are true.
b) i is true and ii,iii,iv are false
c) i,ii,iii are true and iv is false
d) ii is true and i,iii,iv are false.

Evaluating the options:
a) Option a: The quality of a product can be checked only after building it.
Verification is a cycle before completing the product.
b) Option b: Verification checks if we have built the right product or not.
c) Option c: It does not help in developing the product
d) Option d: It does not involve in any monitory activities.


So, here the answer is ‘B’

8. What is Component Testing also called?
i. Unit Testing
ii. Program Testing
iii. Module Testing
iv. System Component Testing.

a) i,ii,iii are true and iv is false
b) i,ii,iii,iv are false
c) i,ii,iv are true and iii is false
d) all of above is true

Evaluating the options:
a) Option a: It is correct, component testing is also called as unit testing
b) Option b: Not sure (but as all the options indicate this as true, we can conclude that Program testing is also called as unit testing)
c) Option c: It is correct, component testing is also called as module testing
d) Option d: This is wrong. System component testing comes under system testing.

So, here the answer is ‘A’

9. What is Link Testing is also called?
a) Component Integration testing
b) Component System Testing
c) Component Sub System Testing
d) Maintenance testing

Evaluating the options:
As the name suggests, this testing is performed by linking (say modules). Now if
we look at the options, only option ‘a’ is performed by linking or integrating
modules/components.

So, here the answer is ‘A’

10.
ISTQB questions 10

What is the expected result for each of the following test cases?
A.TC1: Anand is a 32 year old married, residing in Kolkatta.
B.TC3: Attapattu is a 65-year-old married person, residing in Colombo.
a) A – Issue membership, 10% discount, B–Issue membership, offer no discount. B
b) A – Don’t Issue membership, B – Don’t offer a discount. C
c) A – Issue membership, no discount, B – Don’t Issue membership.
d) A – Issue membership, no discount, B- Issue membership with 10% discount.

Evaluating the options:

ISYQB answer 10
Explanation:
For TC1: follow the path in green colour
(The person is Indian resident, so select only ‘True' options.
The person is aged between 18-55, so select only ‘True'
The person is a married, so again select only ‘True'
For this person, the actions under ‘Rule 4' will be applied. That is, issue membership and no discount)

For TC3: follow the path in blue colour
(The person is not Indian resident, so select only ‘False' (under Rule 1)
The person is not aged between 18-55. No need to select any path, as it is written: “Don't care”.
The person is married. No need to select any path, as it is written: “Don't care”.
For this person, the actions under ‘Rule1' will be applied, That is, Don't issue membership and no discount.)

So, here the answer is ‘C'

Note: The answers are based on writers own experience and judgment and may not be 100% correct. If you feel any correction is required please discuss in comments below.

About the Author: We are glad to welcome ‘Sandhya' on softwaretestinghelp.com writer's board. Sandhya has extensive experience in software testing field and helps many software testers in clearing the testing certification exams like ISTQB.

Please feel free to ask any question related to ISTQB exam and testing certifications in the comment section below.

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249 thoughts on “ISTQB Question Pattern and Tips to Solve”

  1. Hi all,
    I have given ISTQB 14 May 2011 Exam.I have studied throughly the book Black Rex+all the dumps.But me not able to clear it.After attempting the Paper ,I felt Paper was bit tough not based on these dumps.
    I guess some paper pattern has been changed.
    Can you arrange Papers of 14th May 2011 exam.
    Can you give me some latest sample paper that can help me in clearing ISTQB foundation level certification.
    I think you are the right person who can help me and guide me
    Thanks a ton for yr help.Hoping for your reply soon
    Anybody can help me then
    Mail me at deepa.goel74@yahoo.com

  2. Hai Sandya……..

    I need a Pave to my Carrier,Iam so confused about my Carrier

    I’m a Diploma holder having 4 year Exp in software industry as a technical support , but i intersted to jump up my Carrier in software testing job , for that I had a software testing both Manual/Automation Course, I didnt get any interview call,
    I think its better to take ISTQB/CASTE certification , for more opportunity,
    I request you to Pls guide me for become a tester
    pls give me ur valuable advice
    My E-mail id vipin.ganesh@gmail.com
    Hopefully for your guidance

  3. no guys answer for the 6th question is right.
    ans should be A only. we have to find the false statement for static testing.

  4. hai sandhya am swetha am preparing for istqb exam so how to prepare for the exam what is the trick to choose the correct ans pls tell me

  5. Hi Sandya,

    These questions with evaluation is very useful, i am using the same while doing exam but i have not cleared the exam yet?? i got 25/40 in my last attempt recently. can you help me to clear that exam as i am keenly interested to do this certification

  6. hi sandhya,
    i am preparing for foundation level which is on 25th of this month.while preparing few sample papers, i could find different answers for few questions. so, i am confused. i am not good in sloving branch coverage and statement coverage question.
    here r few questions i am posting. can u give describtion how to slove the question.
    Q12. Given the following code, which is true about the minimum number of test cases required for full statement and branch coverage:
    Read P
    Read Q
    IF P+Q > 100
    THENPrint “Large”
    ENDIFIf P > 50
    THENPrint “P Large”
    ENDIF

    a) 1 test for statement coverage, 3 for branch coverage
    b) 1 test for statement coverage, 2 for branch coverage
    c) 1 test for statement coverage, 1 for branch coverage
    d) 2 tests for statement coverage, 3 for branch coverage
    e) 2 tests for statement coverage, 2 for branch coverage

    Q13. Given the following:
    Switch PC on
    Start “outlook”
    IF outlook appears
    THEN
    Send an email
    Close outlook
    a) 1 test for statement coverage, 1 for branch coverage
    b) 1 test for statement coverage, 2 for branch coverage
    c) 1 test for statement coverage. 3 for branch coverage
    d) 2 tests for statement coverage, 2 for branch coverage
    e) 2 tests for statement coverage, 3 for branch coverage

    Q14. Given the following code, which is true:
    IF A > B
    THEN
    C = A – B
    ELSE
    C = A + B
    ENDIF
    Read D
    IF C = D
    Then
    Print “Error”
    ENDIF
    a) 1 test for statement coverage, 3 for branch coverage
    b) 2 tests for statement coverage, 2 for branch coverage
    c) 2 tests for statement coverage. 3 for branch coverage
    d) 3 tests for statement coverage, 3 for branch coverage
    e) 3 tests for statement coverage, 2 for branch coverage

    Q15. Consider the following:
    Pick up and read the newspaper
    Look at what is on television
    If there is a program that you are interested in watching
    Then
    switch the the television on and watch the program
    Otherwise
    Continue reading the newspaper
    If there is a crossword in the newspaper
    Then
    try and complete the crossword
    a) SC = 1 and DC = 1
    b) SC = 1 and DC = 2
    c) SC = 1 and DC = 3
    d) SC = 2 and DC = 2
    e) SC = 2 and DC = 3

    21. ‘X’ has given a data on a person age, which should be between 1 to 99. Using BVA which is the appropriate one (3M)

    A. 0,1,2,99 B. 1, 99, 100, 98 C. 0, 1, 99, 100 D. –1, 0, 1, 99
    and the last q, i am confused which is answer. i think ‘a’ is correct. but in sample papers ‘e’ is given as correct.

    can u plz help me out with these.
    thanks
    Q31. What information need not be included in a test incident report:
    a) how to fix the fault
    b) how to reproduce the fault
    c) test environment details
    d) severity, priority
    e) the actual and expected outcomes

  7. Hi sandhya I am Navatha… I am planning to write foundation level ISTQB exam. So please advice me what is the exam pattern and every thing………..

  8. Hi Sandhya,
    I am confused about Question 7 where your evaluation does not match with the option. You said The quality of the product can be checked only after building it.
    Verification is a cycle before completing the product.
    Then why the answer is option B where it is written verification checks that we have built the right product.

  9. Dear Sandhya,

    The way you have provided above really helps to find the correct answer.Thanks for the logic.

    I am planning to give ISTQB exam in one months time and not very sure what to study to clear certification with good marks.Could you please help on this?

    Even I would like to know what should be the study material and what to study along with the current pattern and procedures.

    Looking forward for your reply.

    Thank you!!

    Regards,
    Shobha

  10. sandhya its a very good explanation on evaluating the options. you have done a good job.
    I am planning to write foundation level ISTQB exam. so, please advice me what is the exam pattern and how to prepare for exam.

  11. Hi Sandhya,

    Thanks for u in supporting the ISTQB. Really its a great job.Can u please update the recent papers of ISTQB its 2009 ,10 and 11 if possible.Once again thanks for the support.

    Have a nice time

  12. hai sandhya,
    i practiced istqb dumbs.that is not helping to
    sucess of istqb .any method is there for success of istqb.any new previous papers avialable .i have only one chance for write istqb exam .i didn’t get certified.my job was gone.please suggest how to sucess istqb.

  13. Hi Sandhya, I want to clear ISTQB advance level exam(Test Analyst). Can u plz. send me sample papers for this exam and also guide me how can I prepare for this exam.It would be really helpfull for me. Thanks.

  14. Hi,
    I am appearing for ISTQB certification on march 10th.cn u pls give an overview about how tricky / easy the questions would be .

    Thank u in advance.

  15. Hi sandhya ,
    I am almass am preparing for istqb exam so how to prepare for the exam what is the trick to choose the correct ans pls tell me

  16. hy,
    pls help
    for Q7 I think the correct answer is not “D” because verification is related to specification and validation is the one related with requirements. So validation show us if “the right thing is done” and verification if the “the thing is done right”.
    validation helps us to check that we have built the right product not verification.
    Am I wrong?

  17. Beneficial article :-)

    Can u plz send me the major topics which i must cover before ISTQB(Foundation lavel) exam.

    Many Thanks,

  18. I have cleared my “International Standard Testing Qualification Board (ISTQB) Certified Foundation Level Exam Cleared :-)

    New Victory …………. :-)

    Heartly Thanks Sandhya and All gr8 ppl who shared their knowledge…….

  19. Hi Sandhya,

    I’m planning to go for ISTQB foundation level.Can you please send out material and 2012 dumps for ISTQB Foundation Level exam.

    Thanks in advance.

  20. can any one answer this question with explanation (by referring V Model)

    Match every stage of the software Development Life cycle with the Testing Life cycle:
    i. Hi-level design a Unit tests
    ii. Code b Acceptance tests
    iii. Low-level design c System tests
    iv. Business requirements d Integration tests
    A. i-d , ii-a , iii-c , iv-b
    B. i-c , ii-d , iii-a , iv-b
    C. i-b , ii-a , iii-d , iv-c
    D. i-c , ii-a , iii-d , iv-b

  21. Hi Sandhya,

    Can you answer this question and my mailid mohanvbs@gmail.com

    Match every stage of the software Development Life cycle with the Testing Life cycle:
    i. Hi-level design a Unit tests
    ii. Code b Acceptance tests
    iii. Low-level design c System tests
    iv. Business requirements d Integration tests
    A. i-d , ii-a , iii-c , iv-b
    B. i-c , ii-d , iii-a , iv-b
    C. i-b , ii-a , iii-d , iv-c
    D. i-c , ii-a , iii-d , iv-b

  22. Hi,

    Can anybody answer the below questions?

    1. If an organization has CMM level5, can we say it as TMM Level5?

    2. Does TMM mandate an established procedure for selection and evaluation of testing tools?

    3. Which of the following is not a critical group to testing efforts?
    Managers,
    Business analysts
    Users/clients
    Developers,Testers

    4. What is the relationshipe between TMM and CMM?

  23. Hi, Sandya,
    Could you please help me ? I need to know how to calculate statement coverage and branch coverage as it is very confusing.
    Tks.

  24. none of the questions appeared from ISTQB dump in foundation level exam….many did not clear….pls share new ISTQB dumps if anybody has to Geetha56@gmail.com…I got 55%,very sad i did not clear…
    I think pattern is changed for ISTQB foundation..pls share new questions if anybody has cleared exam in october 2012.

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