5 Best Automation Tools for Testing Android Applications

Nowadays automated tests are used during almost every testing process. This is not surprising, as properly organized automated testing greatly reduces time needed for a testing process, excludes errors and omissions in tests execution caused by a human factor.

There is a wide choice of tools for automation. Some of them are free, some are rather expensive. Some automation tools were created years ago; some have just appeared on the market. Each tool is unique and possesses certain characteristics.

Wide choice of available automation tools makes it difficult to select the most suitable ones for a project. The problem is that hardly any of the existing tools fully corresponds to project requirements.

Top Android Testing Tools

In Order to Make Automated Tests Effective and Profitable One Should:

  • Research the software product under test and the project;
  • Clearly determine what tests are to be automated;
  • Formulate requirements to the automated tests and the tools for automation;
  • Study at least several available and more or less suitable tools for automation;
  • Select the most suitable one or more tools basing on the researches;
  • Discuss the chosen automation tools with other project parties, explain the choice, and get their approval;
  • Proceed to tests automation.

Such approach and sequence of steps would be approved by most of quality assurance experts.

Many different kinds of computers have appeared recently, their appearance started rapid development of software products. The most amazing is evolution of mobile devices; they significantly differ from common personal computers by characteristics, ways and conditions of interaction with them.

Consequently, smartphones and tablets require special mobile applications that differ from desktop ones.

Operating system of most of personal computers is Windows. Among popular mobile operating systems are Android, Apple iOS, Blackberry OS, Windows Phone, Symbian and other.

Also read => Beginner’s Guide to Mobile Application Testing

Top 5 Android Testing Tools:

Let’s explore modern tools for automated testing of applications supported on one of the most widespread mobile operating system – Android.

#1. Robotium Android Testing Tool

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Robotium Android Testing Tool

Robotium is one the first and frequently utilized automated testing tools for software supported on Android.

Robotium is a free Android UI testing tool. It is suitable for tests automation for different Android versions and sub-versions. Software developers often describe it as Selenium for Android. Tests created by Robotium are written in Java. In fact, Robotium is a library for unit tests.

But it takes much time and efforts to create tests by means of Robotium, as one must work with the program source code in order to automate tests. The tool is also unsuitable for interaction with system software; it cannot lock and unlock a smartphone or a tablet. There is no Record and Play function in Robotium, and it does not provide screenshots.

#2. MonkeyRunner Android App Testing

MonkeyRunner Android App Testing

MonkeyRunner is one of popular Android Testing tools used for automating of functional tests for Android software.

This tool is more low-level than Robotium is. One does not have to deal with the source code in order to automate tests. The tests are written in Python, one may use a recording tool for creating tests.

MonkeyRunner can run tests on real devices connected to a PC or emulators. The tool has an API what allows it to control a smartphone, a tablet or an emulator from outside of Android code.

Significant disadvantage of the mobile app testing tool is that it is necessary to write scripts for each device. Another problem of MonkeyRunner is that the tests require adjustments each time when user interface of the tested program is changed.

#3. Ranorex Android Application Testing Tool

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Ranorex Android Testing Tool

Ranorex is a good tool for tests automation not only for the latest, but also for early versions and sub-versions of Android, beginning from Android 2.2.

One of Ranorex advantages is its detailed reports with screenshots. It can connect a smartphone or a tablet to Internet via WiFi.

An automated test engineer can elaborate data-driven tests, excluding XML data format, by means of this Android tool. Ranorex Studio enables an automated test engineer to create tests easily, just clicking the mouse. It allows elaborating additional program modules. The modules may be utilized during late development cycles for more complex test scenarios.

It is a commercial mobile application tool; its license price is 1990 EUR. Ranorex searches elements rather slowly; it takes up to 30 seconds to perform such an operation. One must instrument APK files for Ranorex. Otherwise it is impossible to automate tests by means of this tool, as it works only with instrumented APK files.

#4. Appium Android Automation Framework

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Appium Android Automation Framework

It’s a framework for creation automated tests for iOS and Android. It is a free tool. It supports Android versions from 2.3 and later. Appium utilizes WebDriver interface for tests running. It supports many programming languages, such as Java, C#, Ruby and other which are in the WebDriver library.

It can control Safari and Chrome on mobile devices. This allows to test mobile web sites using Appium and these browsers.

But some automated test engineers complain that it provides poor, insufficient reports. Also its weakness is reduced XPath support on mobile devices.

#5. UI Automator for Android Test Automation

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UI Automator for Android Test Automation

This tool has been recently elaborated by Google. It supports Android versions beginning from 4.1. One should select another Android app testing tool in order to automate tests for earlier versions. UI Automator is able to interact with all kinds of software products for Android, including system applications. This enables UI Automator to lock and unlock a smartphone or a tablet.

Scripts created by means of this tool can be executed on many different Android platforms. It allows reproducing complex sequences of user actions.

UI Automator also can utilize external buttons of a device, such as buttons for going back, volume regulation, turning on and off the device.

It can be integrated with testing framework TestNG. In this case UI Automator can generate informative and detailed reports, similar to reports generated by Ranorex. This tool also searches elements very fast.

Software testing experts find UI Automator good for quality mobile application testing on many Android platforms. It is one of the best tools for Android applications, as it is elaborated by Google specially for this operating system.

Usually about 80% of new software bugs reproduce on all the supported platforms. So, one may perform mobile testing on one of widely used platforms and discover up to 80% of defects. The rest 20% will be found on all the other platforms. That means that in most cases it is better to test software product thoroughly on fewer platforms than hastily on numerous.

At present Android 4.1 is installed on about 66% of all devices using Android operating system. That is why many automated test engineers often decide that UI Automator is the most suitable solution.

Ranorex is frequently utilized for creation tests for early Android versions.

Conclusion:

Tests automation is a complex task. It requires thorough preparation and researches. One should also keep up with all the novelties in information technology, applications and test automation tools. All this knowledge is necessary for creating the most effective tests.

About the Author: This is a guest post by Oleg Prosyanik, a Senior Automated Test Engineer of QATestLab, a leading Ukrainian company offering full range of software testing services. He has been automating tests for more than 4 years. Oleg creates automated tests for different desktop and mobile applications; he has strong programming skills in widely used languages, such as Java, PHP, Delphi, Ruby, C#.

Let us know if you have any queries on mobile testing or Android Testing Tools we listed in this article.

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58 comments ↓

#1 Aparna

Nice article…thank u

#2 smita

can you compare which is best for what? I mean Robotium for UI testing etc..

#3 kishore

nice updates regarding testing employees

#4 udara

Is it need to know the language, which is develop mobile application, to use above mention tools, to test developed mobile application?

#5 anu

very informative…..
Thanks

#6 Sandra

Hi

Thanks for the (as always) informative article.
I would add the SeeTest tools from Experitest (www.experitest.com) to this list.

It supports Android devices securely- no need for rooting, works mainly through native object identification methods (most reliable as not sensitive to UI differences), integrative with test environments and CI frameworks, can run same test on different devices, easy to use. I’ve used it time and time again and am very pleased with this tool. Highly recommended.

#7 Vishnu More

Helpful Article…

Thanks..!!

#8 Arun Kumar

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#9 prema

Really appreciate… very helpful…Thank you so much..

#10 Ava Rivard

Now I study automated testing tools for my project and this article is really helpful for me.

#11 Sachin

Hi..
Simple Question –

I am Manual Tester, and now if i want to learn Automation then what will be first step :
Learn the Tool i am going to work on ?
or
Learn the Language (programming) on which tool works ?

Please elaborate answer ..I will appreciate if you explains more in detail.

#12 siddhant

finally i came to understand how to select automation tool…..
very helpful.
thank you… :)

#13 Oleg Prosyanik

Hi all!
Nice to see you like my article.

Udara,
you shouldn’t know the language, your software for testing written. Android applications written on Java. Automated tests can be written on Java, C#, Python, Ruby etc. Programming language depends on automation tool you use.

#14 Oleg Prosyanik

Hi, Sachin.
It’s better to study programming language first. You should know main features of language you’ve chosen, know code style etc. After that start to develop automated tests, which use frameworks exactly for your tool.

#15 Vigneshwaran

Mobitaz (http://www.msys-tech.com/mobitaz/) is missing in this list.

Please check with Mobitaz, testing tool intended for Native and Hybrid Android apps.

#16 Razia Sultana

It is very very helpful for testers. Tnx

#17 Rohit

Good summary on mobile testing you have provided.
How about perfecto and Deviceanywhere they are also promising tool. any comment ?

#18 chandru

Nice article and it was more informative.. Thanks.. :-)

#19 Gaurav Gupta

Good summary on mobile app automation testing.Nice article.
I would like to add one more in this list i.e. mAutomate.
Used for automation testing of Android and IOS platform applications and for native, hybrid and web applications.
For more info see http://www.mautomate.com

#20 gaurav khanna

hope this may be helpful. Dont mind.

#21 Ila Garg

Hi….
MY Quesion:

I am a manual tester now i want to increase my knowledge in testing field so i want to know which is more useful database testing or mobile testing ?

#22 syed mehtab

Nice article. I would like to add uiautomator-bot to the list. Its an open source tool for automating your UIautomator testing.

For more info check : http://uiautomator-bot.blogspot.com

#23 Rishabh

Our organisation is planning to introduce an Automation testing tool for our Mobile applications onAndroid and iOS platforms. What are we currently looking for is :

1. Cross- Platform support.
2. Easy to use and create scripts (Record and play preferable)
3. Better Online/Vendor support.

Please suggest a tool that is the best suitable for our needs. We are open to Licensed tools as well.

#24 Chandan

Can you please tell me which is very usefull in automating android application.It should be open source.

#25 darryH

Great article. I’d also highly recommend that you take a look at this list http://codecondo.com/10-best-frameworks-for-mobile-app-testing/ which has top frameworks for App testing

#26 Manish Sharma

Hi..

I am Manual Tester, and now if i want to learn Automation then what will be first step :
Learn the Tool i am going to work on ?
or
Learn the Language (programming) on which tool works ?

Please elaborate answer ..I will appreciate if you explains more in detail.

#27 Abhijeet

Thanks Oleg for the nice article.

And
@Manish: I would suggest to learn the Programming language instead of learning tool. Learning any tool as very easy which can be accomplished at any time. But a Language needs much of your attention. If any language is known to you, you will find it easy to understand how a tool works to get a most of it.
Hope that helps!!!

#28 karthik

Hi i am karthik, now i’m begineer in android apps testing,

Can u please tell me which is the best tool for android apps

testing tool. Except above blog tools.

#29 Hitesh

Hii,

I do testing manually and right now i want to learn some automation tools for mobile application for Ubuntu OS.

Pls suggest which tools is best for mobile app testing.

Thanks
– Hitesh

#30 Santhosh Tuppad

If you want to decide on MonkeyTalk, MonkeyRunner and Appium Mobile Test Automation Tools – You may want to read through https://testinsane.com/blog/our-insight-on-mobile-test-automation-tools-appium-monkeytalk-monkeyrunner/

#31 Adam Felson

One caveat with UiAutomator — it can only handle one device! The python wrapper gets around this, but the java library does not.

#32 Waseem

Can anyone help me !

How to automate a windows mobile application ?
Do we have any paid/open source tools available in market?

#33 kish

Yes Waseem , tool you find that ranorax but before going on , you must have the knowledge to play with JAVA

#34 kish

hi oleg,

I aware with java few now i want to know the easy implementable tool for android and ios. Can you tell me which is the best one? Even I m aware with web-driver not among but I do…

#35 Akbar

Hi,
I dont have knowledge of coding..

I just want a tool that can automate android app testing like just record and play

#36 Peraveen Kumar

We need to test the case of making connection between two android nearby devices using Bluetooth and do file transfer between them using Bluetooth technology or any other similar technology.

Please guide me whether we have any solution for this.

#37 nishanth reddy

hi sandra i am using uft addon from seetest i want some suggesions if possible

#38 Michael

I’ve used Testmunk to automate app testing before, and it was actually pretty great. I was surprised by how good their service was.

#39 Showri

hi,

Can i use QTP for android & IOS mobile application testing,Let me know please.

#40 prasanth

hey friend’s
am tester i known about Memory Leakage Testing, Security Testing and it’s very informative aticle

#41 Dinesh

Nice article helpful me…thanks

Hi every one if you have UI related work mail me
dineshmarathe2@gmail.com

#42 Gaurav Kumar

Hi,

very good article..

#43 Sakthivel

I think Espresso is the best android UI automation tools available there, which is more robust and reduce code maintenance. Not sure how this is missed in your list!

#44 Vaishali

Which is the best suitable tool for testing mobile app on the Android as well as IOS ?

#45 Manisha

Hi..I am new in android automation..can you please suggest any book or article to start with android automation testing development in order to understand how to get proper views from different layouts ? I tried to search on internet but still I am facing difficulties with views..Thanks in Advance !!!

#46 ashwini

Can you please suggest automation tool for IOS Apps

#47 Pratik S

Nice Article related to the test automation tools for android apps. Apart from these tools, I would like to add a tool named Testing-whiz, a code-less test automation tool for web, API, database & mobile apps. This tool provides mobile test automation solutions to help you verify and validate the functioning of mobile apps in a continuous integration workflow.

#48 Pratik S

Nice Article related to the test automation tools for android apps. Apart from these tools, I would like to add a tool named Testing-whiz, a code-less test automation tool for web, API, database & mobile apps. This tool provides mobile test automation solutions to help you verify and validate the functioning of mobile apps in a continuous integration workflow.

#49 Saki

i do agree you tools. you gave awesome technical detail for me. and want know more details please visit the link and get updated information.

#50 Ivan Cortes

Really informative article, thanks!
Just wondering why Espresso is not in the list? It is the default Framework for automated tests on Android, at least Google says that.

#51 jeevitha

hi,

Any one knows robotics process automation. plz help for me. i need to learn that tool.

this s my mail id: jeevithanat@gmail.com

#52 zallerting

Hi:
Can you please recommend one utility for Android Pad Testing? Above 5 tools are not fit for my current work content.
Thanks for your sharing.

#53 Andrew

What is about https://ubertesters.com? They have a very good semi-automation tools.

#54 Praveen

Hi Karthik,

Try using seetest automation tool. Its a good one it have both manual and automation with real time device as well as with cloud device.

#55 shashidhara

I Sir/Mam,
I am Shashidhara I doing Manual testing In Dumadu Games pvt ltd, and i want move with extra quality in that based, so kindly help us ,what kind of extra thing can i learn……

#56 Waverley Software

Appium is becoming even more popular nowadays. And when you learn QA automation then you can’t see how people doing same things manual.

#57 FouziyaHanif

Hi,

can anyone suggest me UI testing tool for android. without script.

#58 Murugaraj

Not sure why Calabash(calaba.sh) is considered as an option here !!

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